Types Of Monstera

With prodigious leathery, slotted dark green foliage, occasional inflorescences, and clusters of white berries, it’s no wonder the houseplant world is falling head over heels for the gorgeous Monstera genus. There are over 30 varieties of Monstera plants to choose from; we’ll be looking at the most popular and rare ones.

Monstera is a genus of 45 flowering plant species in the arum (Acaeae) family. These plants are herbs or evergreen vining Hemi-epiphytes that root both into the soil and trees. A few common Monstera plants include the Deliciosa, Borsigiana, Adansonii, Obliqua, Dubia, Pinnatipartita, and many more!

Monstera plants are great aesthetic landscape additions, but they are quickly rising in popularity as indoor plants, perfect for individuals looking for a green, exotic touch to their home. So, continue reading to learn more about the most common Monstera plants, along with the rarest species.

The Most Common Monstera Varieties

When people generally refer to Monstera, they usually talk about the most common Monstera Deliciosa, Borsigiana, or Adansonii plant. However, these three Monstera species are perfect for casual plant moms.

Monstera Deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa

Native to the lush, tropical rainforests of Central America, the Monstera Deliciosa is the most common variety of Monstera that you’ll find in interior designs and nurseries.

Also well-known as the Swiss cheese plant, this eye-catching climbing evergreen sports gigantic, leathery heart-shaped foliage with perforations that resemble large slits; these leaves grow to 3 feet long, truly standing out in any room!

Indoor Monstera Deliciosa plants have a moderate growth rate and typically grow 1 to 2 feet per year; they can reach up to 10 feet tall indoors. Outdoor plants can grow more than double in size. Additionally, they produce tannish-cream flowers that later turn into Mexican breadfruit with a flavor resembling pineapple and banana.

Monstera Borsigiana

Monstera Borsigiana is a species pretty similar to the Deliciosa; it may even sell under the same name as it’s hard to tell the two varieties when they’re young. 

One way to tell these Monsteras apart is to look at the stem; the Deliciosas tend to ruffle or pucker where the leaf attaches to its stem, but Borsigiana does not. Additionally, the Borsigiana is smaller and has a faster growth tendency than the Deliciosa; the leaves of the Monstera Borsigiana only reach 1.6 feet, about half the size of the Deliciosa.

Lastly, mature Monstera Borsigiana plants form two neat rows of slits instead of creating holes in a more random style like Deliciosa.

With perfect conditions, mimicking its native region, the Monstera Borsigiana sports sizeable creamy-white flowers that later produce flowers and fruit resembling maize’s green ear.

Monstera Adansonii

Monstera Adansonii

The Monstera Adansonii variety is also reasonably similar to the Monstera Deliciosa. However, they mature to about 3 to 8 feet indoors and have narrower leaves, shorter stems, and holes instead of fully split leaves.

The Monstera Adansonii has a high-speed growth rate and vining habit. It displays leaves about the size of your hands that contain holes that take up around 50% of the area as the plant ages due to a process called fenestration. Additionally, the Adansonii’s leaf perforations remain closed, unlike the Deliciosa.

Also known as the monkey face or five holes plant, the Monstera Adansonii also resembles the rare Monstera Obliqua; however, the Adansonni has smaller holes in its leaves.

Read more: Variegated Monstera

Rare Monstera Varieties

This section is for the driven and hardcore houseplant collectors. The rarest Monstera varieties are scarce and range anything between $700 to $5000 per cutting.

Monstera Obliqua

Monstera Obliqua is by far the rarest Monstera variety!

Also known as the unicorn plant, the Obliqua is often confused with Monstera Adansonii due to the copious amounts of holes in their foliage. More so, the juvenile Obliqua is almost indistinguishable from the Adansonii as the holes only develop fully once the plant is a couple of years old.

However, the Monstera Obliqua visually resembles lace due to its extreme fenestrations; the leaves’ holes can take up to 90% of the paper-thin leaf area. Another difference is that the Adansonni has thicker and sturdier leaves than the delicate, lace-like foliage of the Obliqua.

The Monstera Obliqua is not for the faint of heart; it is an incredibly demanding variety and grows exceptionally slowly as the small leafy surfaces struggle to produce chlorophyll.

A single cutting costs anywhere from $5000 to $8000!

Monstera Dubia

The Monstera Dubia is characterized by tiny, heart-shaped foliage with dark and light green colorations. This fascinating plant has a vining tendency with short stems that lie flat against whatever the plant is climbing in a neat, alternating fashion.

A fully matured Dubia plant reveals its true form once it reaches enough sunlight; its leaves turn huge, deep green, with intense fenestrations.

Monstera Pinnatipartita

Monstera Pinnatipartita

The Monstera Pinnatipartita is a stunning-looking houseplant originating from the jungles in South and Central America.

These scarce but highly sought-after plants dramatically change as they mature, displaying lobed leaves when juveniles, which later become spectacularly fenestrated as they grow.

Juvenile Monstera Pinnatipartita is pretty expensive, costing around $300 per cutting.

Monstera Siltepecana

Native to tropical America, the Monstera Siltepecana is a rare Monstera variety known as the Silver Monstera.

The Monstera Siltepecana exhibits bluish-gray lanced-shaped leaves with slight sliver shades. When mature, the foliage turns dark green and gradually forms holes.

The Silver Monstera lacks the strength and hardy nature to adapt to high atmospheric pressures and copious amounts of sunlight. So, if you get your hands on these, be sure to follow the appropriate care requirements.

Related: When Do Monstera Leaves Split?

Variegated Monstera Varieties

Variegations are a natural gene expression that plant enthusiasts are interested in due to their aesthetic appearance. Variegated Monstera plants aren’t a separate plant species but rather a color variation.

Here are the four primary types of variegated Monsteras.

Monstera Deliciosa Variegata

The Monstera Deliciosa Variegata is a truly variegated monstera as the variegation occurs from a natural genetic mutation after germination.

The variegation is not stable and occurs in numerous unique colors and patterns in light yellow, cream, and pure white shades.

Monstera Thai Constellation

Monstera Thai Constellation

The Monstera Thai Constellation is the most popular and widely available variegated Monstera plant. It has beautiful splotches of galaxy-like variegations on its foliage in marbled patterns and shades from light yellow to creamy white.

As a distinguishable factor, most or all of the leaves display a unique variegated pattern, unlike other variegates Monstera varieties that sport variegated and non-variegated leaves.

Albo Monstera

The Albo Monstera, or the Albo Borsigiana, is a stunning plant with brilliant pure white variegations in splotchy patterns.

Setting it apart from the other Monstera species, the Ablo Monstera can develop whole, pure white leaves.

Monstera Aurea

The Monstera Aurea is a less common cultivar of variegated Monstera plants.

The Monstera Aurea has less variegation on its foliage than other Monstera varieties. In contrast to the Thai Constellation or Albo Monstera, the Monstera Aurea sports yellow variegations in splotchy patterns.

The Smallest Monstera Variety

The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, also known as “Mini Monstera,” is a unique species originating from Malaysia and Southern Thailand with foliage resembling the Monstera Deliciosas striking fenestrated leaves.

Mini Monsteras are great ornamental houseplants considering their small-sized climbing reputation. They grow to about 5 feet tall with leathery evergreen foliage.

An extremely rare variegated mini Monstera sold for over $8000 in August 2020.

Conclusion

The great news is that most Monstera varieties have similar care requirements, so if you’ve mastered taking care of the common types, you’ll have no trouble introducing a new, rare variety to your houseplant collection.

Although the more exotic Monsteras are tricky to find, is it possible that your Monstera plant will have your friends heads turning for years to come!

Resources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monstera

https://www.thespruce.com/grow-monstera-adansonii-swiss-cheese-plant-1902774

https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-grow-monstera-deliciosa-5072671