Succulent Propagation Timeline and Brief Guide for Beginners

Succulents are extremely popular among plant growers because they’re remarkably unique and easy to grow and take care of. Luckily, your succulent is capable of multiplying and providing new offspring through propagation!

When it comes to succulents, there are several propagation methods, each with its own growth rate and reliability level, although stem and leaf succulents (the most popular ones) usually take around 2 to 3 weeks to produce roots.

Read one, if you want to find out more about the succulent propagation timeline and the different methods!

How Does Succulent Propagation Work?

Propagation is one of the easiest ways to grow new plants out of your existing ones, which saves you a lot of money. Simply put, propagation is the process of using parts of a mature plant to create a new one.

One of the biggest challenges of propagating plants is dehydration, as the new cuttings are prone to losing their moisture if they’re not tended properly.

However, thanks to the succulent’s incredible ability to hold moisture for a long time, this shouldn’t be a problem.

In other words, propagating succulents is an even easier process than non-succulent plants and requires minimum contact after cutting and placing in soil.

Succulent repotting

A Brief Timeline Guide for Succulent Propagation

In this section, we’ll have a quick look at the most important stages of succulent growth through the propagation of cuttings. Let’s check them out:

1. Cutting

The first stage of any succulent propagation method starts with separating parts of the mature succulent.

This part can be a leaf, stem, pup (also called “chicks”), or even a seed. Of course, the rate of propagation will vary from one part to another.

After properly removing the part necessary for the propagation process, whether by cutting or collecting it in the case of fallen leaves, you’ll need to transfer it to a dry spot, preferably on a paper towel, within the same day to advance to the next stage.

2. Callous Creation

After placing the plant’s cutting on a paper towel, you should allow it to dry out, which usually takes 1 to 2 days depending on the temperature and humidity where you live.

Through that time, the wound of cutting should start to heal by callusing over it. The dry paper towel and warm temperature with plenty of light will speed up this stage.

While the callusing process is starting, you should prepare a new pot with some suitable soil, and mist it with some water to keep the soil wet.

Once the wound is calloused over, place the cuttings on top of the soil and transfer the entire pot to a spot with filtered light (avoid direct sunlight). Make sure that you mist the soil again whenever it dries up.

Read more: Your Complete Guide to Sacred Succulents

3. Early Roots Germination

Depending on the part of the succulent you’re using for propagation, the roots will start to germinate anywhere between the 2nd and 10th week after leaving them on the soil.

At first, the cuttings will germinate very small roots that go into the soil in order to gain nutrition and grow larger.

4. Full Rooting

Throughout the following weeks, the root system will start to grow and increase in size, allowing the plant to draw more nutrition from the soil.

During that time, the fleshy leaves of the succulent will start to grow, creating smaller versions of its original mature plant.

5. Maturation and Potting

Once the new plant grows to around 0.5 inches tall, its root system should be large enough to support its nutrition requirements without needing the cutting, especially if you were using a leaf cutting.

As you reach that stage, you may remove the original leaves or leave them in the soil so that they decompose and turn in nutrients for the soil, helping the succulent to grow faster.

Once your succulent reaches a mature size, you can transfer it to a larger pot or its permanent pot if you were using a small one.

4 Methods to Propagate Succulents from Various Parts

Now that you know more about the different stages of the succulent propagation process, here’s a quick look at all the different parts that you can use and how long each of them takes to produce a new plant:

Leaf Cuttings

Leaf Propagation

Leaf propagation is one of the most popular methods for propagating a succulent, especially for plants with relatively fleshy leaves, such as sempervivum rosettes, crassula, and echeveria.

This is because these fleshy leaves have enough nutrients to support themselves and germinate a small root from the buds at their tip.

Ideally, it should take around 2 weeks for succulents propagated through leaves to germinate a root.

It’s also a relatively fast growing method, as you should expect the succulent to create new leaves and be ready for transplanting and repotting within 8 weeks.

While choosing leaves for propagation, you can tug them gently to remove them from the stem or take intact fallen leaves. The most important part is to make sure that the leave’s base is in good condition to germinate.

Stem Cuttings

Similar to leaf cuttings, you can also propagate a succulent through its stem. Although this is typically the most challenging method and requires some trial and error, it has the best chance of succeeding if you do it right.

For that reason, it’s usually reserved for succulents with plenty of branches as well as rosettes with long stems.

To increase your chances of propagating successfully using a stem, you should do it during the active growth period of the succulent.

To make the cutting, make sure that you use a sharp, sterilized razor blade or knife, and cut an actively growing branching stem that is relatively small. Make sure that the stem isn’t damaged while separating it from the parent plant.

Similar to leaves, the stem will need to heal for 3 to 4 days before placing it in soil. It usually takes this method around 4 to 6 weeks to germinate a root and grow.

Also Check: How Big Do Succulents Get?

Offsets

Propagation through offsets is one of the easiest methods because they’re simply a mini version of the plant that are fully developed with their own roots and small leaves.

For that reason, if your plant multiplies by offsets, such as the Kalanchoe, Haworthia, or Echeveria species, you should consider it.

To make sure that the new pups survive and develop into full-sized plants, you should wait for them until they’re around 1/2 the size of their parent before removing them.

To do that, you should gently pull and twist them, and don’t worry about some of the roots ripping, but you should be careful to increase their chances of survival.

After pulling the offset, you should allow it to dry for around 1 day before transplanting them into suitable well draining soil.

Once you plant the offset in its new soil, it should take around 4 to 10 weeks to grow its roots further and begin to grow, which varies from one species to another.

Seeds

Propagation by seeds

Technically speaking, multiplying through seeds is considered propagation when it is caused by humans.

While this is the most hassle-free method, developing a mature plant from seeds can take a lot of time.

The seeds should start to germinate within 3 weeks, but it’ll take up to several years before the seedling grows into a full sized adult plant.

Final Thoughts

This marks the end of today’s guide about the succulent propagation timeline and how to do it successfully.

As you can see, the succulent propagation timeline and steps can vary due to the species of plant as well as the method you’re using.

If you’re a beginner, you might want to consider the leaf and stem cutting, as they’re typically easy to follow.