Philodendron Squamiferum – Detailed Plant Guide

Philodendron Squamiferum plants are a beautiful plant that has gained popularity over the years with houseplant enthusiasts. This plant has extremely easy-care requirements, and if looked after correctly, this plant can last for years in your house. But what are the care requirements for this plant?

Philodendron Squamiferum plants are rainforest plants; therefore, they require high humidity and a high-temperature environment to thrive. These plants need to be watered well, but they are water-sensitive and need well-draining soil. They grow slowly, so they are easy to keep small with pruning.

Philodendron Squamiferum plants are native to the rainforests of French Guyana, Central America, Brazil, and Suriname, but you can have this plant thrive in your home under the proper guidelines. So, how exactly do you take care of a rainforest plant as a houseplant? Let us find out!

How To Know If Your Plant Is A Philodendron Squamiferum

Philodendron Squamiferum is also known as the Hairy Philodendron, and it is a relatively rare species in the Philodendron family. This plant has easy care requirements, which along with its beautiful looks, has made this plant popular among houseplant enthusiasts.

This plant is a tropical plant and therefore requires a tropical environment to thrive. These plants are creepers, and in their native habitat, they grow and wrap themselves around trees as they grow up towards the sun.

These plants are similar in appearance to this plant’s cousins, the Monstera Deliciosa and the Philodendron Bipennifolium plants. This particular genus of plants has around 350 plant species that are still unnamed. 

Person's Hand Holding Philodendron Squamiferum Cutout

Characteristics Of The Philodendron Squamiferum

The leaves of the Philodendron Squamiferum are oak-shaped, and they have multiple lobes on them. This plant has tiny fuzzy red hairs that grow around the plant’s stems, which is where it gets its name, “the hairy plant.”

The leaves of this plant will be either dark green or lightish green, but they will all be thick and leathery to help the plant store moisture. This plant is a show plant for sure, and it will bring an exciting look to your home.

Growth Rate And Size

You may be concerned that this humongous plant may take over a room in your home as it is a big plant, but this is not true. This plant has a slow to moderate growth rate and does not grow tall fast. The growth rate of this plant will also be determined by the environment that you keep this plant in.

As this plant is native to rainforests and is generally found growing wrapped around a tree, this plant can grow high, with the exact height limit being unknown. But a mature Philodendron Squamiferum can grow leaves that reach 18 inches in length.  

Users Also Read: Philodendron Silver Sword: Complete Plant Guide

How To Care For The Philodendron Squamiferum

Knowing how to care for your Philodendron Squamiferum plant will ensure your plant thrives and grows correctly in your home. Let us take a look at the care requirements of this plant to make sure your plant thrives in your care.

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

The Philodendron Squamiferum is a jungle plant, and therefore this plant needs a high humidity level to stay happy and healthy, and thriving, but this plant can survive in humidity conditions that are not ideal if it needs to as it is a resilient plant.

The humidity you need to aim for with this plant is about 40%; if you need help maintaining this level, you can mist the leaves to increase the humidity or use a dehumidifier in the room you keep the plant in.

This plant prefers a higher temperature than most as it is a jungle plant. The best temperature range for the Philodendron Squamiferum is between 50 degrees and 77 degrees Fahrenheit.

Philodendron Squamiferum

Watering Guide

Philodendron Squamiferum is sensitive to overwatering compared to other Philodendrons, and this plant does not like its soil to be constantly wet. This means you need to be paying attention and be careful when watering the plant, so you do not cause problems.

To ensure you do not overwater your plant, you need to wait for the first two inches of the plant’s soil to dry out before you water your plant again. You will need to find your own watering schedule for your Philodendron Squamiferum, as the soil will dry out at varying times depending on the environment you keep the plant in.

When you water this plant, you need to water it until the water begins to drain, then wait until the water has drained into the drainage pan and empty the excess water, so the pant is not sitting in water.

Light Guide

Philodendron Squamiferum plants would attach themselves to the base of trees in the rainforests where they are from. They would then begin to creep up the tree towards the sunlight. In its native environment, there is no direct sunlight, so when you keep this plant as a houseplant, do not keep it in direct sunlight.

This plant will thrive in a location where it receives medium to bright, indirect sunlight. If this plant gets too little sunlight, it will not grow, and the lack of light can cause problems with the plant’s roots as the soil will not dry fast enough.

Soil And Potting Requirements

The Philodendron Squamiferum plant needs fertile, organic, and nutrient-rich soil for it to thrive and grow correctly. You need to ensure that this plant is not potted in a dense plant pot, which can suffocate the plant.

You need to avoid cement and stone plant pots for this plant. You need to use light, well-draining, and coarse soil and avoid clay-like or sandy soils for this plant. The soil pH for a Philodendron Squamiferum needs to be between 5.1 and 6.0, as this plant enjoys slightly acidic soil.

To make the plant’s soil easier to work with, for you and the plant, you can add in some coco coir or sphagnum moss to the soil as these offer a small element of water retention, but not enough to keep the roots too wet.

A man holding a potted Philodendron Squamiferum

Fertilizer Requirements

Philodendron Squamiferum is a plant that grows fairly slow, meaning that it requires very little food, which is part of the reason why this lant is so easy to care for. But during the growing seasons of this plant, in spring, summer, and early fall, adding some fertilizer to the plant can be beneficial to the plant.

You should apply some good-quality fertilizer to the plant every one and a half months during these seasons. You can spread the fertilizer that you use five to six inches away from the base of the plant to ensure even distribution.

If you want to use a slow-release fertilizer, you only need to feed your plant three times per year. The best fertilizer to use for a Philodendron Squamiferum plant is one that is specifically made for Philodendron plants.

Read more: Philodendron Rugosum: Detailed Care Tips

Quick Care Tips For The Philodendron Squamiferum

Knowing how to take care of your Philodendron Squamiferum daily is not a difficult task, and now that we know all the plant’s requirements every day, we can move on to the more infrequent care requirements that this plant needs.

Let us have a look at what else you need to do to ensure your plant not only survives but thrives in your care.

Pruning Guide

This plant does not require a lot of pruning, but there are some circumstances where pruning will be beneficial. You can prune this plant to make it look more aesthetically pleasing if it seems to be growing wild or to control its size.

You need to prune this plant if there are any dead, dying, yellowed, or diseased leaves on the plant. Always prune your Philodendron Squamiferum with sharp, disinfected scissors or shears, so you do not damage the plant. Cut any leaves or stems off from their base to help avoid regrowth from that area.

Potting And Repotting

The Philodendron Squamiferum can take up a large amount of space, even though it is a slow grower, but if your plant is drying out faster than before and it seems to have slowed its growth, then you need to repot the plant.

The plant pot you choose to pot this plant is essential as this plant does not like to be root bound, and if it is, its growth will be negatively affected. You need to choose a large enough pot that offers good drainage and is well ventilated.

The ideal time to repot a Philodendron Squamiferum is in its growing seasons of spring and summer. You can repot this plant just like any other but be sure to examine its roots for signs of root rot and trim any diseased roots you find.

Propagation Facts

Propagating Philodendron Squamiferum plants is an extremely easy task. The best way to propagate a Philodendron Squariferum is using some fresh stem cuttings. You need to cut off a healthy stem of the plant, with two or three leaves already growing on it.

Dip the stem base into some growth hormone to help the plant establish well, and plant it into nutrient-rich, well-draining soil. These plants are slow-growing, so you need to be patient while cutting roots, but the growth hormone should help with this process. Ensure you water the new plant correctly to help it grow.

Close up of Philodendron Squamiferum leaf

Pests And Diseases

The Philodendron Squamiferum plant is a hardy plant that does not generally suffer from any diseases or pests, but there are some things you still need to watch for, especially if your plant is not healthy.

The most common disease for a Philodendron Squamiferum is root rot, caused by overwatering the plant or the soil not having enough drainage. You need to ensure you are using the correct soil for this plant and have a proper watering schedule using the guidelines mentioned earlier.

If your plant is too wet as it gets overwatered, then your plant can get a fungus gnat infection. This is a fungus that will grow on your plant, so you need to watch the humidity levels and the amount you water your plant to avoid this.

Spider mites are also a common problem for Philodendron Squamiferum plants. You need to check the bottom of the plant’s leaves or axils for webbing, as this is a clear indication of a spider mite infestation. You can use an insecticidal soap or neem oil to get rid o this infestation and prevent a future one.

Conclusion

Philodendron Squamiferum plants are excellent houseplants to own as they are easy to care for and will not take up a lot of your time. These plants are beautiful, showy plants that are unique and will offer a great pop of color in your home. These plants can be as large or as small as you want them to be; with careful pruning, you can keep this plant anywhere in your house!

References:

https://candidegardening.com/ZA/plants/790181d3-9f8d-4ab8-a30d-7355de94fccd

https://www.joyusgarden.com/philodendron-squamiferum-care/

https://www.evergreenseeds.com/philodendron-squamiferum/

https://www.plantindex.com/philodendron-squamiferum/