Philodendron Domesticum: Key Facts And Care Tips

The Philodendron Domesticum is a gorgeous plant that is most often used as a house plant. This plant has long spade-shaped leaves that are often described as hearts that have been stretched out. This plant is a unique plant that is pretty easy to care for. Here is what you should know about a Philodendron Domesticum.

The Philodendron Domesticum requires a well-draining, rich, and loose soil that is between an acidity level of 5 to 6. This plant can grow to be about eight feet high, nine inches in width, and twenty-two inches in length. Philodendron Domesticum thrives in dim light but requires high temperatures.

The Philodendron Domesticum is a lovely plant that is easy to care for, but it does have a few care requirements that need to be done so that the plant can stay healthy and does not get pests or diseases. So, how do you take care of one? Let us find out!

All About Philodendron Domesticum

Holding a Philodendron Domesticum

The Philodendron Domesticum is also known as Burgundy Philodendron and Spadeleaf Philodendron, and it is native to tropical America. If you look closely at the edges of the plant’s leaves, you will notice that they have a slightly purple look, hence the name Burgundy Philodendron.

The Philodendron plants makeup about 450 species of climbing herbs and stemmed plants, but this Philodendron can be toxic to humans if ingested. But these plants have leaves with a glossy texture, making them a great ornamental houseplant to have.

The Philodendron Domesticum can be grown in a pot or a hanging basket to add to any rooms’ aesthetic. This plant is a creeper and loves to wrap itself around walls and poles, adding a tropical feel to the room you keep it in.

This plant is not only known for its aesthetics, but it is also an excellent air purifier, and it can help remove harmful chemicals from the environment of your house. This plant also has a strong root system and is easy to care for plant.

Flowering

The Philodendron Domesticum does not flower regularly; this occurrence is quite rare, especially if the plant is being used as a house plant. Even though the Philodendron Domesticum flowering is rare, it can still happen.

The plant will only bloom when it is mature, and this flowering age for a Philodendron Domesticum is about twenty years, so if you want yours to flower, you will need to wait decades for it to happen. During this time, you will need to ensure that your plant stays healthy.

Read more: Philodendron Erubescens Plant Care

Growth

If you take care of your Philodendron Domesticum correctly and allow it to grow under the right conditions, then this plant can grow up to eight feet in height. When the plant is fully mature, the leaves can grow up to 9 inches in width and about 22 inches in length. Their leaves can grow to resemble the shape of a spade, which is where the name Spadeleaf came from.

Caring For A Philodendron Domesticum

Philodendron Domesticum

Caring for the Philodendron Domesticum is an easy task and does not require a lot of effort from your side. But you do need to ensure that you give it the little care it requires so that the plant can stay healthy and look pretty in your home. Let us have a look at the care requirements, so you are better prepared to look after a Philodendron Domesticum.

Water

Watering your Philodendron Domesticum is essential to the plant’s health and growth because if it is overwatered, it will develop certain diseases from the wet soil. If it is watered too little, the leaves will wilt and die.

You should water your Philodendron Domesticum until the water begins to run out of the pot’s drainage hole at the bottom, then stop. Once the water has stopped running out from the drainage hole, you need to discard the water in the tray under the plant pot to ensure that the plant does not sit in water.

When the top layer of your Philodendron Domesticum’s soil is dry, then your plant is ready to be watered again.

Soil

Philodendron Domesticum plants thrive in loose and rich potting soil that is well-drained and has a high organic matter. This plant needs the oose soil so that oxygen can reach its roots to help avoid certain diseases.  

For this plant, the soil that seems to be the most highly recommended is the sphagnum peat moss soil, and do not use soil from your garden for these plants as they may not drain well enough.

You need to make sure that the soil has a PH level of between 5 to 6 as the Philodendron Domesticum enjoys a slightly acidic soil compared to other plants.

Sunlight

The Philodendron Domesticum is a plant that thrives in dim light. This plant can survive in bright light and may even grow faster in these conditions. However, this will increase the amount of care needed as the plant will require more fertilizer to be added to its soil every week to sustain this rapid growth.

If you keep the plant in bright light, it will then also require more moisture, which can be challenging to manage correctly, which is why you should keep this plant in dim light if you want an easy to care for houseplant.

Humidity

The Philodendron Domesticum is a tropical plant that enjoys a high humidity level, with it thriving in a humidity of 60% or higher but can live comfortably in humidity that is 40%. You need to ensure that it does not go lower than 40%, as this can begin to affect your plant negatively.

To help keep your Philodendron Domesticum at the right humidity level, you can either keep the room in your house humid using a humidifier, or you can mist the plant leaves once or twice a day.

Also Check: Philodendron Jungle Boogie: Care & Growth Tips

Temperature

As the Philodendron Domesticum is a tropical plant, it requires moderate to warm temperatures to remain healthy. The best temperature for Philodendron Domesticum is between 55- and 80-degrees Fahrenheit.

If you allow the temperature to go slightly above 80 degrees, the plant’s growth will start to slow down, but that should be the only effect on the plant. But if the temperature goes to 90 or 100 degrees, then this will stress your plant and cause damage.

This plant is sensitive to cold temperatures, so you should avoid letting it stay in temperatures below 55 degrees.

Fertilizer

Feeding your Philodendron Domesticum will help increase leaf production and growth. The best fertilizer to use is a slow-release or liquid fertilizer. The most recommended way to fertilize your plant is to fertilize your plant every 2 to 4 weeks except in the winter with the liquid fertilizer, and then supplement it with the slow-release fertilizer every two months.

When picking a fertilizer, ensure you get one with a good amount of magnesium and calcium, as these are the main two micronutrients that often get left out of soil mixes.

Repotting A Philodendron Domesticum

You will need to repot your Philodendron Domesticum when it gets too big for its current pot or if it gets a disease or pests. To repot your plant, follow the steps below.

  • Ready a pot 2 inches bigger than the current one
  • Fill the pot 40% of the way with a rich, loose, and well-draining soil
  • Gently release the plant from its current pot and take it out
  • Remove excess dirt that may be clinging to the roots
  • Place the plant into its new pot and fill the remaining space with more rich, loose soil

How To Prune A Philodendron Domesticum

Pruning your Philodendron Domesticum is an excellent way to keep the plant at a manageable size and discard any diseased or dead parts. To prune your plant, you need to ensure you have sterile shears or scissors and a pair of gloves.

You will need gloves as the sap from the Philodendron Domesticum can cause skin irritation. Do not twist off any part of the plant that you wish to prune, as this will permanently scar your plant. Access your plant and see if there are any dead, dying, or damaged leaves, and trim them off at the stem.

Philodendron Domesticum Variegated in the pot with stem support

Propagation Of A Philodendron Domesticum

You can propagate your Philodendron Domesticum in either soil or water, depending on your preference. To propagate your plant, follow the steps below.

  • Cut one stem from your plan and ensure it has at least one leaf node
  • Remove any leaves that will be too low and will get submerged in the water or soil
  • Place the stem in rich, moist soil or a jar of water
  • In approximately three weeks, roots will begin to grow
  • If you used water to propagate the plant, after the roots start to grow, you can move it to a pot with rich, loose soil

Philodendron Domesticum: Common Pests And Disease

There are not very many pests and diseases that you need to worry about with a Philodendron Domesticum. If you provide good care and keep the plant healthy, then there should be no issues. However, they can get some pests if they are not cared for.

The main pests that will attack your plant are aphids and mealybugs; these will kill your plant, so you need to act fast to save it. You can use insecticidal soap or diluted neem oil to get rid of them.

The most common disease is root rot, caused by overwatering that keeps the soil too moist. This can be prevented by knowing how and when to water your plant. If your plant suffers from root rot, you need to act fast as this can kill the plant. You need to repot your plant and trim off any affected roots to prevent it from spreading.

Conclusion

The Philodendron Domesticum can be easy to care for plant if you keep it in the right conditions. This plant is lovely and offers more benefits to your home than being an ornament, as it helps purify the air in your home. The Philodendron Domesticum is a must-have houseplant that you can take great pride in.

References:

https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/philodendron-domesticum/

https://soilseedandgarden.com/philodendron-domesticum/