Philodendron Cordatum: Essential Plant Care Guide

The Philodendron Cordatum is the perfect indoor plant for decoration purposes and has been used in this manner since the Victorian age.  This plant will add color to any kitchen or patio when hung from the ceiling or as a centerpiece on a table, and it is easy to care for. 

The Philodendron Cordadum is commonly known as the sweetheart.  The Philodendron is a vine plant and is best suited as a hanging plant when growing indoors. Because of the ease with which the Philodendron Cordatum can be cared for, it is the perfect beginner plant for a first-time plant enthusiast.

The Philodendron Cordatum is a reasonably rare plant species and pretty challenging to get a hold of, but it is definitely worth the search.  Because it is this rare, it is also a little pricey, but it will be worth the search and price for a proper plant enthusiast.  Let’s have a look at this magnificent plant and how to take care of it.   

How To Tell If Your Philodendron Is Cordatum

The Philodendron Cordatum is a dark green, heart-shaped, leafy plant with leaves ranging between 2 to 3 inches when growing inside and growing much bigger when outside.  It got its nickname, the sweetheart plant, from the perfect heart formed by its leaves.  The plant is a vine plant and can sometimes be used as wall decorations on patio or garden walls. 

philodendron cordatum 2

Characteristics Of The Cordatum

The Philodendron Codatum is a native to the coast of Brazil and qualifies as a tropical plant.  The plant has big green heart-shaped leaves and a lighter stem.  This vine plant can be an indoor or outdoor plant, and it is straightforward to maintain.  When growing outdoors, the plant can produce much more prominent than when it grows indoors; it also depends on the humidity that the plant will be exposed to. 

Growth Rate And Size Of The Philodendron Cordatum

The Philodendron Cordatum is a fast-growing plant and proliferates when it is propagated.  Indoors its leaves can grow up to 3 inches, but outside its native environment, this plant can grow to magnificent size.   The leaves can span to 3 feet in length and a foot in width; it has also been known to grow up to 50 feet in height when climbing a tree.     

It does not grow to its natural size when indoors because it lacks the humidity to thrive.  Indoors these plants grow well as hangers because it allows them to expand and to drain excess water. 

Read more: Philodendron Red Emerald: (#1 Care Guide For Philodendron Erubescens)

How To Care For The Philodendron Cordatum

Like any plant, the Philodendron Cordatum can be easily maintained with the proper care.  The Philodendron Cordatum plant is a beautiful plant to have if you are not an expert because this plant has resilience and does not need daily tending. 

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

The ideal temperature for the Philodendron Cordatum is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 17 to 27 degrees Celsius.  It is also essential to keep the Philodendron Cordatum away from any heated air, so it is safest not to keep it close to the oven; the reason for this is that the plant thrives in humid conditions. 

Watered Philodendron Cordatum

The best way to care for a Philodendron Cardatum is to allow the leaves to stay dry and enable the water in the soil to dry to about a half to three-quarters of its depth.  The best way to maintain this is to keep it under medium light and let it sit for a while.  Watering it well and allowing the water to drain once a week will be enough for this plant. 

Watering A Philodendron Cordatum

The way to see if your plant needs more water is by the color of its leaves; when it starts to turn a brownish or yellowish color, it is ready for more water.  The good news is that this plant will not die if you forget to water it for a day or two or if you go on vacation for a couple of days.  

Light Guide

The Philodendron Cardatum grows best in medium light when growing inside the house, and you should stay away from direct sunlight when it is a garden plant.  The plant will start wilting when it is left in too much sunlight. 

A light source from a fluorescent light will suffice when inside the house as the lighting is needed for this plant. 

Soil And Potting Requirements

Any potting soil can be used for this plant, given that it is a quick-draining potting soil to avoid root rot.  The pot must not be too big as this can cause overwatering.

When repotting, choose a pot about an inch more extensive than the current pot; this will allow the plant enough room to expand and prevent overwatering.    

Fertilizer Requirements

The Philodendron Cordatum will need a gentle fertilizer every two weeks; organic fertilizers are recommended.  Another recommendation is to fertilize after watering.  As the harvest season ends, the plant will need less fertilization, and once a month will be enough. 

Over-fertilizing is never advised as it can be dangerous to the plant and can result in the death of the plant. 

Quick Care Tips For The Philodendron Cordatum

Philodendron Cordatum

Pruning Guide

The Philodendron Cordatum is best trimmed when the vines become too long; this will also enhance the growth of this plant.  The removal of dead leaves will also improve the development of this plant, and it will start to shoot side sprouts when the deceased leaves are removed.  The plant will sprout a side sprout order for the plant to fill itself out. 

Potting And Repotting

This plant needs to be transplanted only when the roots start to become entangled, and it will only be necessary to be transplanted into a slightly bigger pot.  It is never a good idea to transplant this plant into a much bigger pot as this can cause over-watering. 

When repotting, make sure the plant roots are not tangled, and be sure to remove any dead roots. 

Propagation Facts

To propagate the Philodendron Cordatum, all that is needed is to cut the stem.  Make sure the branch has a multitude of root nobs, which will be located between the leave and the stem. Every nob on the stem will create a new limb with a root system.  The propagation should be done during the harvest season. 

When propagating in water, make sure the plant is submerged in the water at all times, and when bearing in soil, make sure the ground covers the entire plant.  Cover the medium with a plastic bag, removing the bag every second day to allow for it to air out.  This will also prevent root rot in the new plants. 

The sprouts will have developed into tiny plants after a few weeks, and it is now ready to be planted into their pot.  Every node on the branch will create a new stem and root system. 

Users Also Read: Philodendron Drooping? (5 Most Likely Causes & Solutions)

Pest And Diseases

The Philodendron Cordatum can attract spider mites, mealybugs, and aphid pests.  It is also prone to bacterial diseases, root rot, fungus, and leaf spots when overwatered; make sure to follow the recommendations.   

The Philodendron Cordatum is a poisonous plant to humans and animals but will not cause harm to other plants and might even provide nutrients to the plant that it is climbing.  Because it is poisonous is unlikely to attract unwanted animals. 

  • Spider mites:  Spider mite infection can be identified for its fine spiderweb-like covering on the leaves.  The best way to treat this is to put the plant in a highly humidified place like the shower for a couple of days.  The spider mites enjoy dry environments and will not tolerate the humidity. 
  • Mealybugs:  These are fluffy cotton-like bugs that invest reasonably quickly.  They can be removed with cotton but drenched in alcohol.  This can be time-consuming, but it is better to start early. 
  • Aphid pests:  These light green insects can be taken care of with a simple rinsing of the leaves with some clean water for a couple of days.  If the infestation does not stop, you might have to use some insecticidal soap.   

Treating plants with neem oil can keep the pests away from the plants.  An organic insecticide can also be used in urgent situations.   When the problem with the plant is too dire to do anything, the plant should be removed from the other plants as infestations can spread quickly. 

Conclusion

The Philodendron Cordatum is a magnificent plant in its natural environment- Brazil.  It also serves as a great houseplant, with its use in this regard dating back to the Victorian era. 

This is an excellent plant for first-time plant enthusiasts as it does not require daily care, and the maintenance of this plant is relatively simple.

Ensure to keep the soil fresh, don’t overwater it, and cut the dead leaves when needed.  This plant is a beautiful hanging plant and will add some green to any room you hang it in. 

References & Other Resources:

https://plantandflowerinfo.com/philodendron-cordatum/cordatum

https://plantcaretoday.com/philodendron-cordatum.html