Philodendron Brandtianum Care Guide (Propagation, Diseases, etc)

If you are looking for a classic, easy-to-maintain houseplant, Philodendron Brandtianum is a perfect choice. This cascading vine is a popular and versatile Philodendron that will gracefully fill any dull spaces in your home. The prolific mottled leaves of the Brandtianum add texture and mellow olive color whether grown to hang from a basket or as a climber. 

Philodendron Brandtianum, also known as Brandi or Silver Leaf Philodendron, is a popular houseplant. Its broad, heart-shaped green leaves feature distinctive patches of silver or grey. Brandtianum is a fast-growing tropical vine that can reach 5 feet in height when kept in ideal conditions.

We love being surrounded by gorgeous, thriving plants but don’t all have loads of time to spend tending our houseplants.  Brandtianum is a popular member of the Philodendron family because it is attractive and versatile. It thrives with very little care.

Philodendron Brandtianum

Like all Philodendrons, Brandtianum is a tropical plant that originates from South America. They are prolific growers and develop a much fuller leaf coverage than most other philodendrons.

The mass of silver-grey mottled leaves creates an interesting patterned effect that can be a focal point in a room in the home, or the plant can provide an excellent contrast to a group of plants. Just take note that the leaves of all Philodendrons are toxic, so if you have young kids or pets, it may be best to keep your Brandtianum in a hanging basket.

The leaves vary in size depending on the environment and their maturity from between 4 – 12 inches. Young leaves have a slightly orange tone which creates a lovely contrast to the cooler colors of the older leaves.

Brandtianum is an ideal inside houseplant but can also be kept outdoor if the weather is warm. It is a lovely choice to act as a filler for shaded corners in complexes in warmer climate zones. If kept in ideal indoor conditions, these plants can reach an impressive size. However, their spindly stems need solid support like a moss pole or textured trellis to climb upwards.

Philodendron Brandtianum on moss pole

Like all Philodendrons, if you take care of it, it will take care of you. This beautiful family of plants has the bonus of filtering toxins from the air. By following a few basic guidelines, you will be able to keep your Brandtianum thriving.

Philodendron Brandtianum Light Requirements

Brandtianum thrives in bright filtered light. The large leaves can burn if they get too much direct sun, but they do need plenty of light to thrive. These versatile plants can also be kept in artificial lighting conditions, which makes them suitable for offices.

Keep your Brandtianum in a spot where it will be sheltered from the scorching rays of the sun. North or east-facing windows work well. If you notice your plant’s leaves turning yellow, it may be getting too much or too little light. Try moving it to another position until you find the perfect spot.

Philodendron Brandtianum Temperature Requirements

Philodendrons are tropical plants and cannot tolerate cold conditions. The ideal temperature range of Brandtianum is between 50F and 95F.

Brandtianum must always be kept in temperatures above 50F, even through winter. Anything colder than that will damage the leaves and may well kill the plant. They are ideal as indoor houseplants.

Philodendron Brandtianum

Philodendron Brandtianum Humidity Requirements

Philodendron Brandtianum will appreciate a pebble tray or occasional misting to keep the humidity level slightly higher than average. These tropical plants, which originate from a steamy forest environment, will grow faster if they are provided with additional moisture in the air.

When placing your Brandtianum, check that no vents or heaters will blow onto your plant that could dry the air out. It is a great plant choice for humid rooms in your home, like a bathroom or kitchen.

Watering Your Philodendron Brandtianum

Brandtianum is a thirsty plant, but that is not to say you should water it every day! You may have to water every 2 – 3 days during the hot summer months, but that can be reduced to around once a week in winter.

The Brandtianum provides clues regarding its watering requirements. If the leaves appear droopy or start to curl, the plant may need more water. If the leaves begin to drop, cut back on the watering, especially if the weather is cool.

What is important is that the soil around the roots never becomes water-logged. This can cause root rot which is fatal for all plants. When watering your Brandtianum, avoid getting water on the leaves as it could encourage fungal or bacterial growth.

Related: Philodendron Gloriosum: Ultimate Care Guide

Philodendron Brandtianum Potting And Soil Requirements

No matter the type of container you select for your Brandtianum, it is important to ensure that it has proper drainage holes at the bottom. This will allow excess water to run through quickly. The roots should be able to retain moisture without becoming a swamp.

Brandtianum needs a rich, organic soil mix similar to a tropical forest floor. The mixture must be airy and loose. Manure or compost can be added to improve soil quality. The plant can also grow in soilless mixtures like peat-perlite and vermiculite or sphagnum peat moss.

Philodendron Brandtianum

Philodendron Brandtianum Fertilizing Requirements

Regular fertilizing will help your Philodendron Brandtianum grow and keep it healthy. A general-purpose liquid fertilizer that is watered down to half strength will work.

Use a weak good quality fertilizer mix once a month during the summer months.  Brandtianum does not require much fertilizer during the winter. Using cheap fertilizers should be avoided as they can upset the pH in the soil and harm the plant.

Philodendron Brandtianum Propagation

One of the best things about Philodendron Brandtianum is that you can easily grow new plants from a healthy plant and share them with your friends and family. There are two commonly used methods.

  1. Herbaceous stem cuttings
  2. Air-layering

Whichever method you want to use, remember only to attempt it during the growing season.

Propagation From Stem Cuttings

Brandtianum can grow well in water, so placing a stem cutting in water is usually a successful propagation method. Here’s how to do it:

  • Take a stem cutting of no less than 6 inches. Use a sharp, sterile clipper or knife.
  • Remove the bottom leaves so that at least two nodes are bare.
  • Place the bare stem cutting into the water. Ensure that the remaining upper leaves do not touch the surface of the water.
  • Keep the cutting in a warm, bright area.
  • Change the water every 3 days.
  • In less than one month, you will notice new roots forming, and you can then plant the cutting in a growing medium.

Propagation By Air-Layering

  • Select a healthy stem and cut 1-1.5 inches below a node.
  • Now wrap a damp ball of sphagnum moss around the base of the cutting and secure it using kitchen wrap or tape.
  • To encourage the development of roots, keep the cutting in a warm, bright area.
  • Once roots have appeared, the new plant can be transferred to a growing medium.
Close up of Philodendron Brandtianum leaf

Philodendron Brandtianum Diseases And Pests

Philodendrons are hardy, but like all houseplants, they can become infected with pests. This is how to deal with some of the common pests and problems that may affect your Brandtianum.

 Common Pests:

  1. Spider Mites: Gently wipe the affected foliage with soapy water.
  2. Mealybugs: Use a 70% percent rubbing alcohol solution mixed with water and dab it directly on the pests.

Common Diseases:

  1. Leaf Spot: This is a symptom of overwatering. Remove damaged leaves and ensure clear drainage of the plant’s pot.
  • Root Rot: Ensure that the soil is always loose and free-draining to prevent this condition. Avoid overwatering at all costs.

Root rot is almost always fatal and is caused by overwatering and roots standing in too much water. If this happens, immediately remove the plant from its current container, cut off as much damage as possible, and re-pot in a fresh medium. It is probably better to take a stem cutting and try to propagate a new plant than to try to save it.

  • Leaf Curl: Over-fertilizing can cause Brandtianums’ leaves to curl downwards or turn brown. If this happens and you suspect that you have overfed the plant, flush the soil with a good watering. Ensure that the drainage holes at the pot’s base are open and do not allow water to build up in the catching saucer.
  • Fungal Infections: Any dead or dark areas on your plant may indicate a fungal infection. Carefully dab wettable Sulphur to the affected area and spray the remaining foliage with neem oil.
  • Yellow Leaves: Check the lighting conditions. Harsh, direct sunlight, or not enough light can cause leaves to turn yellow. Move the plant accordingly.

Also Check: Philodendron Cordatum: Essential Plant Care Guide

Conclusion

Philodendron Brandtianum is a versatile and easy-to-care-for houseplant. It will thrive in a warm room where it receives ample indirect light. This versatile tropical vine can be grown in a hanging basket or climb a textured frame like a moss pole. An added bonus is that it is fast-growing and easy to propagate, so you can soon be sharing your gorgeous dappled Silver Leaf Philodendron.

References & Other Resources:

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/philodendron/growing-silver-leaf-philodendrons.htm

https://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/plants/houseplants/houseplants-that-clean-the-air.html