Peperomia Varieties: Over 1500 And Counting

The peperomia family of plants is a wide and varied one. Many of these are favored as house plants with many options of colors, shapes, and textures. With such a wide array of plants to choose from, there is bound to be a plant suited to the space one has to fill. What they all have in common is that they are perennial tropical plants. Often referred to as radiator plants, they thrive in warm conditions.

Peperomia is a plant genus in the Piperaceae family. There are more than 1,500 known species of peperomia. They have fleshy leaves but differ from cacti in that they thrive in a tropical and humid environment. Peperomia are epiphytes. This means they absorb nutrients from air and water.

To help find out which type of Peperomia you have or which type is best suited for your home, we will look at some of the more well-known varieties. We will look at shape, color, light and water requirements, and general features for each variety discussed.

We will look at the following varieties:

  • Watermelon peperomia (peperomia argyreia)
  • String of turtles peperomia (Peperomia prostrata)
  • Trailing jade peperomia (Peperomia rotundifolia)

Watermelon Peperomia (Peperomia Argyreia)

The name is very appropriate for this variety as the leaves very much resemble the shading and color of a watermelon’s skin. The oval-shaped leaf ends with a downward point. The average height of this variety is between 6-inches and 12-inches.

The plants require a space that is bright but does not do well with direct sunlight. Medium humidity is best for the watermelon peperomia. You could mist your watermelon peperomia occasionally to assist with humidity. The ideal temperature range for this beautiful plant is between 60ºF and 80ºF. A well-draining potting mix is suitable for these plants. Do not over-water your watermelon peperomia. Leave the top two inches of soil to feel dry before watering. The time between watering will depend on the time of the year and outdoor temperature.

Peperomia Rosso (Peperomia Caperata ‘Rosso’)

Peperomia Rosso

Peperomia Rosso has a characteristic wrinkled leaf. The leaves have prominent veins that add to the wrinkled texture and are so dark green that they can appear black. The plant has a rosette growth formation and has long red-tinged stems. The leaves are heart-shaped and roughly one to one and a half inches long. A typical peperomia Rosso plant grows to be about eight inches in height and width.

A peperomia Rosso plant requires bright light but not direct sunlight. Early morning and late afternoon partial exposure to sunlight works well, as do fluorescent lighting for a more shaded room.

The best temperature range for your Rosso is between 55ºF and 75ºF. Consistent temperature is best, as these plants do not do well if exposed to extreme heat or cold.

It is best to water your Rosso from the bottom, but be consistent, as too much water or too little water will harm it. Soil that drains well will aid you in preventing root rot. Allow the growth medium to become almost dry before watering.

Following these guidelines, your Rosso will reward you with flowers in spring and summer. The flowers are pale green to white and grow on a red-colored spike.

Users Also Read: Rainbow Peperomia – Special Plant Guide

Jade Peperomia (Peperomia Polybotrya)

Jade peperomia goes by several names. Common names include; Raindrop peperomia, Coin-leaf peperomia, Coin plant, and Chinese money plant. The leaves are heart-shaped, glossy dark green, and fleshy.  Jade peperomia flowers are white spikes that grow from the tips of the stems in pairs. This creates a striking contrast between the green leaves and white spikes.

Jade peperomia grow to around twelve inches in height and tolerate temperatures ranging from 65°F to 80°F. Jade peperomia love bright indirect light. Direct sun will burn the leaves.

The succulent-like leaves of the Jade peperomia allow the plant to save water. Soil should dry between watering. These plants need well-drained soil to avoid overwatering. Misting the leaves creates a humid environment for Jade peperomia to thrive in.

Baby Rubber Plant (Peperomia Obtusifolia)

The baby rubber plant has glossy green leaves and also has variegated varieties. The oval leaves are arranged in alternating pairs along the stems to form a dense bush growing to around 12 inches.

Your Baby rubber plant will thrive with plenty of light if it is not direct sunlight. Artificial light, however, is acceptable. These lovely plants do not need much water, so ensure that the soil drains well and that it almost dries out in between watering. Misting your Baby rubber plant recreates a rainforest environment for it to thrive in.

The best temperature range for your baby rubber plant is similar to the average home temperature range of 65°F to 75°F making it very easy to care for.

String Of Turtles Peperomia (Peperomia Prostrata)

String of turtles

A string of turtles peperomia has round succulent leaves that string together on a trailing vine. Over time the leaves develop a mottled pattern that resembles a turtle shell, giving this plant its name. It makes a lovely hanging plant that only needs the occasional trimming of longer vines.

Your string of turtles loves plenty of bright light but only limited direct sunlight. Soil requirements for this plant are similar to what is needed for succulents, so avoid soil that will retain too much water. It is best to allow a string of turtles plant to almost dry out before watering. Provide more water during the summer months. Less water during the winter months allows this plant to rest.

A temperature range between 68°F to 75°F is ideal for these plants. Being native to rainforests, they appreciate higher humidity than a succulent would, so mist them frequently, especially if you have a heater running in the plant’s growing space.

Trailing Jade Peperomia (Peperomia Rotundifolia)

Trailing jade peperomia plants are not as readily available as some of the other varieties. The plant is characterized by almost round, flat fleshy leaves that grow in a vine-like fashion that trails and intertwines with itself.

A trailing jade plant’s vines can trail between 25 and 30 cm. Keeping them neat and suited to your personal space is as easy as nipping off a stemmed point. These attractive plants thrive in a temperature range of 65°F to 75°F. 

Plenty of natural light works best for a trailing jade plant. Early morning and late afternoon sun work well, but midday sun can damage the leaves.

As is the case with most peperomia plants, too much water is not desirable. Keep watering to a minimum and only water once the soil is dry before a deep watering. A well-draining soil, like peat soil, works well. Though trailing jade plants prefer a humid environment, they grow well in regular home humidity. They love an occasional mist spray as an alternative to high humidity.

Peperomia Hope (Peperomia Tetraphylla’Hope’)

Peperomia Hope

Peperomia Hope is a hybrid of two other peperomia varieties. It has a similar growth pattern to a trailing jade, making it an excellent option for a hanging basket plant. A distinguishing characteristic of peperomia Hope, it that it caries its succulent like oval-shaped leaves in groups of three or four along the trailing stem. As is the case with most peperomia plants, the flowers for the Hope plant are not significant and are pale-colored spikes.

An ideal temperature range for a peperomia Hope is between 64°F and 78°F. Your hope plant loves a bright sunny environment but avoid placing it in direct sunlight.

Only water your plant once the soil has partially dried out, but mist it occasionally to create the humid environment a hope plant loves. The best soil type for a hope plant will be fast draining. A mixture of potting soil, perlite, and peat moss will work well.

Read more: Peperomia Nevada (Happy Beans Plant Care)

Peperomia Jelly (Peperomia Clusiiholia)

Peperomia jelly is an attractive plant with leaves mottled in green, gram, and red or pink shades. The oval-shaped leaf has a pointed end. Leaves grow in pairs along the stem. It forms a compact plant that grows to roughly 6 inches in height.

A peperomia jelly plant needs a good amount of bright light but not much direct sunlight. Should your space does not allow in much natural light, fluorescent lights will also work well.

Temperature ranging between 65°F and 80°F is ideal for this variety. Colder temperatures will cause the jelly plant to lose its leaves. Even cold drafts can cause this to happen, so keep it in an area with a constant temperature.

During the growing season, water the plant moderately. Watering from below is preferable. Ensure that the soil remains moist but not wet. When the weather cools down, reduce the frequency of watering.

Soil that drains well and is rich in nutrients is ideal for a peperomia jelly plant.

Conclusion

With over 1,500 varieties to choose from, peperomia plants provide a wide array of options for everyone to choose from. They propagate quickly from leaf or stem, allowing you to grow an ideal living gift for friends and family. The only question is how many varieties you will choose for your living space.

References

https://plantcaretoday.com/peperomia-rosso.html

https://www.thespruce.com/growing-string-of-turtles-5091591

https://www.houseplantsexpert.com/trailing-jade.html

https://leafyplace.com/peperomia-hope/