Peperomia Rubella

Peperomia Rubella is a reasonably uncommon yet breath-taking succulent-like plant originating from Jamaica. Rubella is a small species of Peperomia with petite, fleshy, dark green elliptical leaves with gorgeous scarlet red stems and leaf undersides. Its small stature makes it a perfect houseplant; let’s see what care it’ll need.

Peperomia Rubella is easy to care for, with little green and red succulent foliage. It thrives in bright to medium, indirect light, and temperatures of 60 to 80°F. Be sure to water the Rubella once the first two inches of soil dry out and fertilize it every four weeks during its growing season.

Peperomia Rubella has low care levels making it a perfect home addition for novice homesteaders. Even so, we’re here to give you the ideal care guide to ensure your Rubella thrives.

Characteristics Of Peperomia Rubella

Peperomia Rubella is a small vining perennial belonging to the Piperaceae plant family, often referred to as the Red Trailing or Itsy Bitsy Peperomia.  

The Peperomia Rubella plant has fuzzy succulent foliage usually growing with ruby-colored stems and under leaves. In addition, the plant consists of runners at its base with erect trailing stems.

Initially, Peperomia Rubella will grow upright, but the plant tends to become top-heavy after a while, causing the vines to drop and trail elegantly over the sides of its pot. Therefore, hanging baskets are the best vessels for the plant to grow in. However, pots and terrariums are also suitable options.

Mature Peperomia Rubella can grow 40 inches tall with a 15-inch spread.

Peperomia Rubella is mainly grown for its gorgeous foliage. However, in the summer, it showcases green to white panicle-like flowers spikes rising above its foliage.

Peperomia Rubella

How To Care For Peperomia Rubella

When caring for the Peperomia Rubella plant, always aim to mimic its natural Jamaican, tropical to the sub-tropical environment as best possible.

Although relatively easy to care for, Peperomia Rubella requires a bit of love and tends to keep it thriving optimally in your garden, front porch, or home.

Here’s how to care for Peperomia Rubella.

Temperature Requirements For Peperomia Rubella

Ideally, Peperomia Rubella thrives in a warm, subtropical climate with temperatures ranging around 70°F. However, keeping the Rubella indoors is tolerant of room temperatures of 60 to 80°F.

Lastly, keep in mind that Peperomia Rubella should not be exposed to below 59°F as it is intolerant to cold and freezing temperatures.

Therefore, consider moving an outdoor Rubella indoors during chilly autumn and winter weather.

Humidity Requirements For Peperomia Rubella

Even though Peperomia Rubella is tolerant to most household humidity levels, they are native to subtropical areas and prefer high humidity levels of 60 to 90%.

Therefore, consider placing the Rubella in your kitchen or bathroom, or mist its foliage every second day or so, use a humidifier, or use the pebble-tray method to create a humid environment your plant will love!

Light Requirements For Peperomia Rubella

The Peperomia Rubella naturally grows in the filtered or dappled light under thick canopies of forest trees. So, consider placing the plant in an area with partial shade or medium to bright indirect light.

The Rubella does not tolerate direct sunlight (especially the afternoon sun) as the sun easily scorches its dainty succulent foliage. On the contrary, if the Rubella does not receive enough sunlight, it will become leggy.

So, to ensure a compact, bushy effect, you will want to provide a few hours of the morning or late afternoon to evening sun. In addition, plant your outdoor Rubella in partial shade to produce an abundance of leaves and promote growth.

If you have an open corner near a bright window, place your Rubella plant close by, but avoid directly placing it in the sun’s rays.

Peperomia Rubella

Soil Requirements For Peperomia Rubella

Peperomia Rubella thrives in well-draining, loamy potting soil full of rich organic matter. In addition, Rubella prefers soil with a pH ranging from 5 to 7.5.

An effective way to ensure that you provide a moist, well-draining soil environment is to use regular potting soil and consider mixing it with perlite, peat moss, and cactus soil to improve its texture and drainage.

Watering Guide For Peperomia Rubella

Peperomia Rubella generally has average watering requirements; it prefers slightly moist soil but is highly sensitive to overwatering too. Overwatering will cause the Rubella plant to wilt and the leaves to burst and form scab-like protrusions.

Therefore, allow the soil to dry out before watering it again. If the soil stays consistently moist and soggy, the Rubella can develop root rot. In addition, water the Rubella moderately in the summer and reduce your watering schedule during the fall and winter.

To test if the plant’s soil has dried out enough, use a moisture meter or stick your index finger into the ground, and as soon as the top two inches have dried out, water the plant again.

Tip: Consider watering indoor Peperomia Rubella in the morning to ensure that the soil dries out properly.

Also Check: Peperomia Perciliata

Fertilizer Requirements For Peperomia Rubella

All plants depend on nutrients to grow and stay healthy. Peperomia Rubella plants are no different! So let’s talk about the best fertilizer options for peperomia plants.

There are three equally effective fertilizer options for Peperomia Rubella:

  1. Water-soluble fertilizers: water-soluble fertilizers are the most reliable choice because you know the exact amount of nutrients that your plant gets. Provide a half-diluted liquid fertilizer every second week during the spring and summer while watering the plant. Consider only fertilizing the Rubella every six to eight weeks during the fall and winter.
  2. Slow-releasing fertilizers: A well-balanced and slow-releasing fertilizer is best for outdoor growing Peperomia Rubella plants. Note that you should only apply slow-releasing fertilizer once during its growing seasons (spring to summer) to prevent burning or damaging the plant.
  3. Organic fertilizers: Organic fertilizers instructions need to be strictly followed and given once per month during the Rubella’s growing season. In addition, stop fertilizing the plant altogether from fall.

Pruning Guide For Peperomia Rubella

The Peperomia Rubella is inclined to have an untidy appearance as it matures. So, prune the Rubella to manage the plant’s appearance according to your preference.

Ensure that you use sharp and sterilized pruning shears to prevent potential diseases and fungus from occurring.

Potting And Repotting Peperomia Rubella

The Rubella Peperomia generally does not need frequent re-potting due to its vine-like nature; it can thrive in the same pot for up to three years. However, if you need to re-pot the plant, use a container with drainage holes and only use a slightly larger pot size.

Be that as it may, consider refreshing the Rubella’s soil every spring to keep your plant at its optimal health.

How To Propagate Peperomia Rubella?

Propagating Peperomia Rubella is a straightforward process. It can be grown using stem or leaf cuttings. 

However, ensure that you’re using light and airy rooting mediums, such as a half-and-half combination of perlite and peat moss. In addition, you’ll need to dip the ends of the cutting in a high-quality rooting powder. 

The ideal time to propagate Peperomia Rubella is during early spring, just before the growing season begins. 

Let’s briefly look at how to propagate the Peperomia Rubella.

Stem Cuttings

First, sterilize your pruning shears or scissors with rubbing alcohol to prevent spreading bacteria and fungus. Then, cut several stem-cuttings from healthy branches just below the joint.

A 6-inch-long cutting is ideal for propagation.

Remove any lower leaves, leaving two or three leaves at the tip of the stem. Then, dip the ends of the branches into a high-quality rooting hormone and insert the stems into the previously prepared potting soil.

Water the soil and cover the cuttings with a clear plastic bag to increase the humidity. Try to place the pot in a setting with bright, indirect sunlight and a consistently warm temperature of 60 to 70°F.

Peperomia Rubella

You’ll notice new growth within a week or two.

Leaf Cuttings

To propagate Peperomia Rubella using leaf cuttings, cleanly cut off a few lush and healthy leaves with a piece of stem still attached. 

Dip the end of the stems into the rooting powder and follow the instructions mentioned above.

Pests And Diseases In Peperomia Rubella

You generally won’t have too much trouble with pests raiding your Peperomia Rubella, and they tolerate a wide variety of light conditions. Your most significant risks tend to be over-or underwatering.

However, common Peperomia pests and diseases include unsightly spots, leaf drop, mealybugs, and root rot.

Overwatering: If you notice that the leaves of your Peperomia Rubella are turning soft and yellowing and that its stems are darkening and squishy stems, you’re probably overwatering your Rubella.

Underwatering: Dry spots, crispy leaves, and leaf drops are all signs that you might be underwatering the Peperomia Rubella.

Cercospora leaf spot: If the leaves of your Peperomia Rubella have blackish or tan raised areas on their undersides, it has a fungal infection known as Cercospora leaf spot. To treat the Rubella, spray the infected areas using an insecticide or horticulture soap or consider pruning the infected leaves.

Leaf drop: Lose a few old leaves as they age is completely normal; however, if the Rubella experiences an excessive leaf drop, there might be temperature (generally cold) or fertilization issues.

Ring Spot virus: Infected plants have light or dark pigmentation rings, leaf distortion, and stunted growth. Sadly, you’ll need to destroy the infected plant due to no treatment being available.

The only solution is to destroy the infected plant and sanitize any tools used in the process.

Mealybugs: These annoying, white, cotton-like clumping pests form clusters underneath the Peperomia Rubella’s leaves and stems. Treat mealybugs using rubbing alcohol or neem oil.

Related: Peperomia Metallica

Conclusion

Peperomia Rubella is a tropical plant with petite, lush leaves in unique green and scarlet red shades. The Peperomia Rubella is sure to jazz up your patio or living room area with its exotic vining branches.

Try to follow the care requirements as best possible, and especially beware of overwatering the Rubella.

Lastly, when pruning and reshaping your Peperomia, consider using the cuttings for propagation. The more, the merrier!

Resources:

https://worldofsucculents.com/peperomia-rubella/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peperomia_rubella

https://plantcaretoday.com/peperomia-rubella.html#:~:text=Peperomia%20rubella%20is%20a%20unique,leaves%20and%20minimal%20care%20requirements.