Peperomia Incana

This tropical evergreen perennial is a lovely plant to grow for its foliage indoors or outdoors. Peperomia incana is sometimes referred to as felted Peperomia, Amazon fuzz, or felted pepperface. This sweet plant does not take up lots of space and is simple to grow.

Peperomia incana is a rather rare species of Peperomia. It is easy to care for and requires very little maintenance. Houseplant collectors love this unusual, exotic plant for its gorgeous, pale green, heart-shaped foliage. The leaves have short white hairs all over that protect them from the sun.

This Peperomia is native to the hot, humid regions of Brazil and Peru. It is a rainforest plant, so by trying to mimic its natural growing conditions, we can create the ideal environment for it in our home or garden. This article is all about identifying, cultivating, and propagating Peperomia incana.

How To Identify Peperomia Incana

Peperomia incana is quite an unusual and exciting species to find at nurseries and garden centers. It looks very similar to the more common Peperomia obtusifolia, an upright, bushy shrub that grows between 6 and 12 inches tall.

Its leaves are roundish and heart-shaped. What makes Peperomia incana unique are the short white hairs that cover the surface of the leaves. This is the main identifying feature for Peperomia incana and the reason it is called felted Peperomia.

Also Check: Variegated Peperomia Care

Characteristics Of Peperomia Incana

Peperomia Incana

Peperomia incana is part of the Piperaceae, or pepper family. This group of plants is characterized by fleshy, succulent-like leaves and flower shoots that are long but bear rather small, insignificant flowers.

Growth Rate And Size

Do not expect this plant to grow at the same rate as other tropical houseplants, like Pothos and Philodendrons. Peperomia incana is a relatively slow-growing species that can take years to reach maturity.

Fully grown, Peperomia incana reaches about a foot in height when grown in a pot. Depending on the way you prune it, it can bush out to about a foot wide, or it can trail for up to 3 feet. This compact little houseplant is suitable for many places in your home.

Grown in the ground, this Peperomia has a low, creeping growth habit. It creates a wonderful pale green groundcover that looks great in shady areas of the garden.

How To Care For Peperomia Incana

Peperomia incana is simple to grow, but there are a few basic things you should know about caring for them. Given the correct conditions and with regular watering, these plants can flourish in our homes or gardens.

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

Because this plant comes from the tropical rainforests of Brazil and Peru, it is well adapted to living in hot, humid conditions. As best as possible, we should try to replicate these conditions when growing the plant in our home.

Keep Peperomia incana at an ambient temperature between 64- and 75-degrees F (18 to 24 degrees C). It can tolerate heat up to 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) but do not expose this plant to temperatures below 44 degrees F (7 degrees C).

Peperomias are not cold or frost tolerant at all. Peperomia incana is only hardy in USDA zones 10 to 12. If you live outside these zones, it is better to grow this plant in a pot. This enables you to bring it indoors during the cold months.

Peperomias are generally happy in medium to high humidity environments. If your home’s air is drier than average, place a humidifier close to your Peperomia plant to boost the moisture in the atmosphere.

Watering Guide

Peperomia incana, like most Peperomias, has fleshy, semi-succulent leaves. Being able to store water in its foliage makes this plant quite drought-hardy, but they certainly do not enjoy dry soil for extended periods.

Water Peperomia incana regularly to keep the soil evenly moist and allow the soil to almost dry out between watering. This plant needs the soil to stay aerated. It cannot live in boggy, saturated soil. Therefore, it is crucial not to overwater a Peperomia incana.

You will need to water your Peperomia more frequently in spring and summer than in fall and winter. When the average daytime temperatures drop, these plants grow even slower and use less water.

Always check how dry the soil is prior to watering. If you struggle to judge the soil moisture using a finger, get yourself a moisture probe. They are easy to use, inexpensive, and you will never have to worry about overwatering your plants again.

Watering young plant

Light Guide

If Peperomia incana is grown in very low lighting conditions, the plant tends to become very sparse looking and leggy. On the contrary, sunlight that is too harsh and direct will burn the foliage.

Peperomia incana needs bright, indirect sunlight to grow optimally. In the garden, this plant can be grown in partial or dappled shade.

Place it in a sunny south- or east-facing window, and make sure the drapes or blinds shade it from the hot afternoon sun.

Soil And Potting Requirements

Peperomias need very well-draining soil and a pot with ample drainage holes. This is so that excess water can quickly flow out of the pot and the roots do not sit in saturated soil for extended periods. This will prevent root rot caused by overwatering.

Peperomia incana enjoys loose, loamy or sandy soils with a pH between 5.0 and 7.5. The best potting mixture for Peperomias is a 50/50 mixture of organic potting soil and perlite. Perlite increases the soils drainage capacity and aeration.

Fertilizer Requirements

Peperomia incana generally grows quite happily without fertilizer. However, if you want your plant to grow faster and bushier, apply weakly diluted all-purpose organic liquid fertilizer monthly during spring and summer. Do not feed it during winter or fall.

Be careful of using quick-release chemical fertilizers. If you apply too much you can give a plant nutrient burn. It is always best to stick to organic products which are generally safer.

Quick Care Guide For Peperomia Incana

Now that we have explained the basic conditions Peperomia incana needs to grow, lets look at how to properly maintain this beautiful plant.

Pruning

If your Peperomia is looking too leggy or you want it to grow bushier, prune it. Using a sharp, clean pair of scissors, snip off unwanted shoots and remove leaves that look past their prime. This will keep your Peperomia incana looking its best.

Repotting

Because these are very slow growing plants, they do not need annual repotting. Frequent repotting is harmful to Peperomia incana because it slows down its growth. However, repotting at the right time will keep your plant from becoming root-bound and stressed.

You will know it is time to repot your Peperomia incana when the roots start to grow out of the pot’s drainage holes. You will then need to look for a pot that is slightly larger than the original.

To repot a Peperomia incana, gently remove it from its pot by inverting it. Shake some of the old potting soil off and plant it into a new, fresh potting mixture in its new pot.

Propagating

Peperomias are some of the easiest houseplants to propagate. You can grow new Peperomia incana plants from leaf or stem cuttings.

Check out this video that details the two methods.

Pests And Diseases

Peperomia incana is not prone to many pests and diseases if you take good care of it, and most importantly, avoid overwatering it.

Luckily, the pests that do affect this plant are very easy to deal with. The most common insect pests affecting Peperomia incana are mealybugs and aphids. If you notice these on your plant, take a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol and wipe the visible pests away.

Spraying a neem oil solution on plants is also a great, organic way to get rid of pests. Mix water and neem oil together in a spray bottle and thoroughly wet the entire plant. Neem oil clogs up insects’ breathing holes, thereby smothering them.

Conclusion

Peperomia incana is the ideal plant for someone who does not have a lot of free time to spend pampering their houseplants. It is also a fantastic groundcover for low-light areas of the garden. It is a hardy plant that does not need frequent maintenance.

As a relatively slow-growing plant, Peperomia incana can spend many years with you in a pot. This unique plant is also very easy to propagate, so you can share cuttings of it with friends and family.

Read more: Peperomia Marble (Obtusifolia Plant Care)

References:

https://osera.org/houseplants/peperomia-incana-care-guide/

https://plantcaretoday.com/peperomia-incana.html

https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07BR52P26/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B07BR52P26&linkCode=as2&tag=osera01-20&linkId=d47b2b87b6b6254a24e35263aaf50bde

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUGSQImvbUw