Monstera Peru

If you are looking to add another plant to your houseplant family, one that brings a touch of green to an otherwise boring space in your home, then you need only look to the Monstera Peru.  This incredibly rare plant is easy to maintain and fast-growing.

The origins of the Monstera Peru are traced back to the tropical and subtropical areas of the world.  This particular species is found in the wilds of Peru or Venezuela.  The name is derived from the Latin word “monstorous” meaning, “abnormal, or huge.”

Monstera Peru, also known as Monstera Karstenianum Peru, or karstenianum, is a fast-growing climbing vine.  They are extremely rare, with some being expensive.  Prices for this unique plant range from $200 for simple stems with nodes to about $7000 for a potted variety. If you want to learn more about this rare and expensive plant, read on!

Monstera Peru Family

The Monstera Peru belongs to the Calla family, known as Araceae.  There are approximately 60 varieties belonging to this species, of which most are found in the subtropical jungle areas. 

Monstera Peru is Hemi-epiphyte, meaning they climb onto another tree for support (epiphyte) while their roots grow into the ground to support the plant.  With the help of their aerial roots, these evergreen vines are tree climbers.  Therefore, many gardening experts will advise using a totem, stake, or moss support in the pot.  In this way, the plant’s beauty, growth, and size are enhanced.

Monstera Peru plant

What You Need To Know About Monstera Peru

Monstera Peru looks like other members of the Monstera family but is more like a succulent.  This type of Monstera does not grow very large, has vibrant, glossy green leaves that are leathery to the touch.  The leaves have a distinctive deep, green veining that is gorgeous!

The older and more mature the plant gets, the deeper and darker the veins become.  Unlike some of the other types of Monstera, such as the Monstera Deliciosa and Monstera Adansonii, the leaves of the Monstera Peru do not have any holes or patterns.

The leaves of the Monstera Peru grow between 4-9 cm (1,57-3,54 inches) in length.

Your average indoor Monstera Peru will reach a height of around 35cm (13,77 inches).  Under ideal growing conditions, a Monstera Peru can reach a height of 6m (236,22 inches). 

Caring For Monstera Peru

Monstera Peru is such an ideal houseplant because it is so low maintenance and does not require much care.  Highlighted below are some tips to care for and maintain your Monstera Peru so it grows healthy.

Watering Habits For Monstera Peru

The Monstera Peru grows in the jungles, so the soil contained in the pot would need to be similar to that of the jungle or any subtropical area.  A gardening expert would advise finding a balance between soil that is not too dry or crumbly and not too moist or soggy.

Therefore the Monstera Peru should be watered once or twice a week. 

Before adding more water, check the soil moisture first. If you find the top 2 inches of soil are dry, this is a good indication that the Monstera Peru needs water.  Overwatering can cause the root to rot.

You also need to ensure the pot has good drainage.  A well-drained pot helps the excess water drain out, thus preventing root rot.

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Monstera Peru Soil Needs

The type of soil you use affects the plants watering needs.  Monstera Peru needs soil that is rich, moist with good drainage.  A light, barky soil mixture is recommended.  To make your potting soil, you need mulch, compost, perlite, shredded bark, or peat moss.

Alternatively, you may use a good quality potting soil, with some orchid bark and peat moss added in.  Adding in worm casings is a great ingredient for extra nutrients.

Ideally, Monstera Peru prefer soil that is acidic to neutral with a PH balance between 5 to 7.5

It would help if you were on the lookout for compacted soil.  For the roots to pass easily through the soil, it needs to be loose.  Loose soil is good for aeration. A well-aerated soil allows the roots to breathe and not “choke,” thereby stunting the plant’s growth.

If you notice that the soil is “caking” even after watering, then you have the incorrect soil and should change immediately!

Humidity Needs

Being native to the rainforests, Monstera Peru prefers humid surroundings. Suppose you notice the edges or tips browning; that’s a clear indication of increasing humidity. You may increase the humidity around Monstera Peru in the following three ways:

  • Adding a pebble-filled tray beneath the Monstera Peru and filling it with water will provide the moisture your plant needs.
  • Misting the leaves of the plant.  Using a glass spray bottle filled with water, you may spray just the leaves to prevent drying out.
  • Using a humidifier.  Monstera Peru requires more humidity than the average home has.  With the addition of a humidifier, you can artificially control the humidity around the plant. 

How Much Sunlight Does Monstera Peru Require?

Monstera Peru dislikes exposure to direct sunlight.  This plant can handle about 3 hours of direct sunlight due to the thick leaves.  Any more than this and the plant will burn naturally. 

Keep Monstera Peru under bright light but with indirect sunlight for best results.

Temperature Requirements

One of the reasons tropical plants such as the Monstera Peru make such great house plants is that they prefer cooler, indoor temperatures.  They prefer temperatures between 16 to 25 degrees Centigrade.  Cooler temperatures than that are unsuitable for Monstera Peru.

Read more: Monstera Soil Mix

Cleaning Requirements

Due to the compact leaf structure, wrinkles, and grooves, this makes Monstera Peru dust collectors. These are what may inhibit the proper growth of the plant.

The leaves need to be wiped with a soft cloth and the plant misted with fresh, clean water to avoid this being an issue.  Add dusting of the leaves to your weekly chores. You need to dust the leaves at least two times or three times during the week.  In dusty conditions, it needs to be wiped down more frequently.

Propagation Of Monstera Peru

Monstera Peru is a very fast-growing plant.  For this plant not to overgrow and maintain the plant’s look, propagation is recommended.  The best time for propagation is at the beginning of spring, around March. Propagation of Monstera Peru is not that difficult if you follow the easy steps laid out below.

Propagation In Water

To propagate Monstera Peru in water, you need to do the following:

  • Cut a stem from the healthy mother plant using a clean, sharp pair of scissors.
  • Choose a stem with nodes and that is long enough.  Place this stem into a glass bottle or bowl filled with water.  Leave submerged until roots develop.
  • Once roots appear, transfer into a pot filled with soil and leave to grow in a warm, humid environment.

Propagation In Soil

For you to propagate the Monstera Peru in soil, the following steps are recommended:

  • Using a sharp, clean pair of scissors, trim off a stem about 10cm (4 inches). 
  • Make sure the aerial roots and nodes are visible when choosing a stem.
  • Trim back the stem from the bottom by plucking the leaves but leaving a few on the upper side of the stem.
  • Filling a pot with moist soil, place the stem about 2,5 – 7,6 cm (2-3 inches) deep into the soil.
  • By placing the pot in an area with bright but indirect light, will ensure growth.
  • Water the growing stem about once a week.  If you are closely monitoring the growth, you should notice the condition of the soil and adjust the watering accordingly.
  • When you notice new shoots appearing, this is a clear indication the propagation process was successful.
Monstera Peru leaf

Is Monstera Peru Toxic?

Like other members of the Monstera family, Monstera Peru is toxic.  If any part of the plant is ingested, it will cause allergic reactions to the eyes and throat.  Therefore it is best to keep the Monstera Peru away from children and pets.

Common Monstera Peru Problems

There are a few issues your Monstera Peru may experience.  Listed below are a few problems that may affect your Monstera Peru.

  • Yellow leaves, the primary cause is overwatering.  Always check the soil before you water.  If you notice the soil is moist, ease up on the water.  A few yellow leaves are not to be stressed over. 
  • Root rot is also an indication of overwatering.  The water sits in the pot for too long, drowning the roots and killing the plant.  To remedy this, use a pot with good holes at the bottom that allows for drainage. 
  • Brown, crispy leaf edges or tips may also indicate that the plant is too dry.  The potting soil is too dry, or the humidity is too dry. Trim off the brown leaves, and ensure the plant receives enough water and light.
  • Leggy vines indicate that the Monstera Peru is not receiving sufficient sunlight.  When indoor plants do not receive enough light, they extend their branches or vines, as is the case of the Monstera Peru.  To prevent this, place your Monstera Peru in an area with good lighting and make sure that it is not direct sunlight.

The “legs” may be trimmed off and repotted.

  • Pests, like all indoor plants, you will need to be on the lookout for pests that may attack your plant.  These may be mealybugs, scale, spider mites, or aphids.  Use gentle pest control for your plant but remove the pests.

Conclusion

Being native to the jungles and subtropics, Monstera Peru is a fast-growing climbing plant.  It is easy to care for; the cooler indoor temperature and humidity make Monstera Peru a great addition to your houseplant collection.

Reference

https://www.bybrittanygoldwyn.com/monstera-peru-care/

https://gardeningbrain.com/monstera-peru/

https://www.sproutsandstems.com/monstera-peru-karstenianum/

https://planethouseplant.com/how-much-do-monstera-plants-cost/

https://www.evergreenseeds.com/monstera-peru/