How To Propagate Peperomia

Peperomia are unique plants and such easy house guests. They come in a variety of different colors and textures. When you have been sharing living space with these lovely plants for a while, you may be tempted to try out your green thumb and see if you can propagate your peperomia. Fortunately, these plants are so easy to propagate that you only need a pale green thumb to manage this.

Peperomias can be propagated from stem cuttings or leaf cuttings taken from a mature plant. The cuttings are used to grow new plants using the water method or the soil method. It is best to propagate plants in spring. Hormone rooting powders help speed up the process.

Peperomias have succulent leaves and stems, making propagating them a relatively easy task that even beginner plant lovers can try.

Potted Peperomia Plant

When Is The Best Time To Propagate Peperomia?

Most plants are dormant over winter, and there is no active growth. Propagating during winter is therefore not advisable. The best season to take new peperomia cuttings is when the weather is cool in spring. At this time, the plants’ metabolisms are waking up, and new cell growth is starting.

You can sometimes propagate peperomia in summer, but your cuttings can fail to thrive due to heat stress if the weather is too hot. Although peperomia cuttings can be taken and rooted during fall, you will not see much immediate growth in the new plant. It will probably only establish roots and then become dormant for winter.

What Part Of The Peperomia Plant Is Used For Cuttings?

Peperomia cuttings can be taken from a section of the stem or a leaf.  As long as you are using a mature plant, taking the cuttings will not harm the plant. Avoid taking cuttings from young plants as this can cause stress from the incisions. If you take more than one-third of the plant, stress can result in your original plant struggling to grow and survive.

Also Check: Peperomia Rana Verde

How Do I Make A Peperomia Stem Cutting?

It is essential that you only make stem cuttings from healthy mature peperomia plants. Examine the donor plant, select a stem section with three to five leaves, and cut below the bottom leaf. The cut can be made using a sharp knife or pruning shears.

It is critical to use sharp implements so that the cut is clean and precise. Some gardeners prefer to use a knife as they feel pruning shears may crush the stem causing difficulties in propagation. Crushing will probably only occur if your pruning shears are blunt.

Remove the bottom two leaves from the cutting so that there is at least one leaf left attached to the stem. You can have two or three leaves remaining on the stem, but you do not want too many leaves remaining on the cutting.

The aim is to have one or two leaves for photosynthesis but not so many that the new fragile root system is over-burdened and dies.

Related: Cupid Peperomia

How Do I Make A Peperomia Leaf Cutting?

Choose a large healthy leaf and cut it off the stem using a knife or pruning shears. Some people prefer to use the whole leaf and petiole (leaf stem) to form a new plant.

A better technique for leaf cuttings propagated by the soil method is to cut the leaf in half across the width. Using the cut halves allows you to grow two new plants from one leaf.

Should I Use A Hormone Rooting Powder When Propagating Peperomia?

Hormone rooting powders are made up of synthetically produced auxins, which are essentially plant growth hormones. If you are trying to encourage growth in a plant, using the hormone rooting powder encourages the plant to grow new cells to form roots.

You stand a better chance of successfully propagating peperomia if you use hormone rooting powder. If you do not have rooting powder or are on a tight budget, you can still propagate peperomia from cuttings. The process may just take longer, and you will need to be very diligent in your care.

How Do I Use The Soil Method To Propagate Peperomia?

Soil for Propagate Peperomia
  1. If you are using leaf cuttings, dip the cut end of your leaf into hormone rooting powder.  If using a stem cutting, dip the bottom end ( not the leaf end) in the hormone rooting powder.
  • Use a suitably sized container and fill it with potting soil. The potting soil should be a combination of peat moss, sand, and loam. Any houseplant potting soil can be used with a bit of added perlite and peat moss.
  • A critical element in growing peperomia is to ensure that the soil drains well. This means that your plant pot should have holes in the bottom. Putting a few stones in the pot’s base before adding the potting soil will ensure the drainage holes do not clog. A plant pot full of water will rapidly kill your peperomia, so ensure you pay attention to drainage. 
  • If you have a stem cutting, poke a hole in the soil using a pencil or similar implement  Insert the hormone-covered end of the stem into the hole and cover up the dirt. ( A dibbler is a special gardening tool for making holes to plant stems, but it is not necessary to have one)
  • If you are using leaf cuttings, make a depression in the soil, insert the hormone-covered leaf edge into the soil, and press it firmly around the cutting. 
  • Water the soil so that it is damp but not soaked.
  • Use a few tongue depressors or twigs and stick these into the pot around the cutting.
  • Make a few small holes in a clear plastic bag and drape this over the sticks or tongue depressors. Your aim is to make a clear plastic tent that increases the environmental humidity for the peperomia cutting.
  • Place the pot with the cutting in indirect sunlight so that there is plenty of light for photosynthesis and plant growth. Do not place the peperomia plant cutting in direct sunlight. The heat will roast your tender cuttings as the water supply needed for the plant to survive the heat will be too great for the new root system.
  1. If you have propagated your peperomia in autumn, you may need to heat the soil for the roots to begin growing. The soil can be heated  by placing the pot on a radiator, heater, or by using a garden soil heater.
  1. The environmental temperature should be kept as consistent as possible at 60° to 70° F ( 15° to 21° C).
  1. Check your cuttings daily to ensure the soil remains damp so that the cuttings do not dry out. Remove the humidity tent twice a day for twenty to thirty minutes to allow the cuttings to air out and dry a little.
  1. Once you see the beginnings of new growth on the cutting in the form of stems or leaf buds, then you can remove the humidity plastic tent and allow your plant to grow naturally.

How Do I Use The Water Method To Propagate Peperomia?

Peperomia Propagation by Water
  1. Use a stem cutting and suspend it in a jar of water with one end in the water and the leaf end out.
  2. Put the jar in a warm area.
  3. After about six weeks, you should see some roots forming.
  4. Plant the stem cutting with its roots in well-draining pot soil. 

Some Extra Tips On Propagagting Peperomia

  1. You can only use stem cuttings to propagate peperomia using the water method.
  2. Leaf cuttings can only be made from certain kinds of peperomia plants.
  3. Monitoring soil moisture content and humidity is critical for the success of your peperomia propagation.

Conclusion

Propagating peperomia is not difficult and is a rewarding hobby for any gardener. These plants are well worth the effort, and you can propagate them from leaf or stem cuttings using soil or water as a growing medium.  

References

https://www.mydomaine.com/peperomia-care-5074698

https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/heres-how-to-propagate-peperomias-the-right-way/