11 Flowers That Close Up Their Petals

Are you wondering about flowers that close up their petals? Then you’ve come to the right place!

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Examples of flowers that demonstrate such behavior, whether at night or during the day, include Cape marguerite, Morning Glory, Four O’Clocks, Evening Primrose, California Poppy, Kalanchoe, Venice Mallow, Evening Stock, Tulips, Crocus, and Jamaican Fever Plant.

Keep reading to learn more about these fascinating flowers as we discuss the key features and characteristics of each plant.

1. Cape Marguerite

  • Family: Cape marguerite
  • Bloom Time: Spring, summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Annual, perennial, shrub
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 9 to 11

First up, we’re looking at the gorgeous Cape marguerite flowers. Their botanical name is Dimorphotheca ecklonis, but they’re commonly known as African Daisy, Van Staden’s River Daisy, and Star of the Veldt.

These flowers are very popular as cut and potted specimens thanks to their delicate shape, long blooming time, and wide range of shades including lilac, pink, blue, purple, yellow, white, and cream.

Indigenous to South Africa, Cape Marguerite flowers close their petals at night and open them in the morning in response to light.

These daisies thrive in full sun and can reach a height of up to 2 feet. They’re a symbol of joy and purity.

2. Morning Glory

  • Family: Convolvulaceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Annual, vine
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2 to 11

Botanically referred to as Ipomoea purpurea, Morning Glory flowers are also known as Tall Morning Glory and Water Spinach (particularly in Asian cuisine).

This genus contains more than 1,000 species of flowering plants. It gets its name from its strong response to the sun, opening its petals during the day and closing them at night.

Morning Glory vines produce trumpet-shaped blooms in many bright colors. These include purple, blue, pink, and white.

Native to South and Central America, these flowers grow best in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. They can reach a height of up to 10 feet and a width of up to 6 feet.

Read more: 9 Flowers that Bring Good Luck

3. Four O’Clocks

  • Family: Nyctaginaceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, herbaceous
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 9 to 11

Botanically known as Mirabilis jalapa or Mirabilis lindheimeri, Four O’Clock flowers are also called Marvel of Peru and Garden Jalap.

They’re the most popular species of their genus when it comes to ornamental value. Four O’Clock flowers get their name from their blooming pattern.

These blossoms open their petals in the late afternoon around 4 p.m. and close them with the sunrise.

Four O’Clock plants produce trumpet-shaped flowers. They come in various bright shades of red, pink, yellow, and white.

Originating in South America, these flowers thrive in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. They can grow up to 3 feet tall and wide.

4. Evening Primrose

  • Family: Onagraceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Biennial, herbaceous
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 to 9

Botanically known as Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose flowers are also referred to as Fever Plant and Cure-All.

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These plants produce delicate, lemon-scented blooms in brilliant yellow shades. They open their petals at night, effectively luring in nighttime pollinators such as moths, fireflies, bees, and bats.

Native to North America, these flowers thrive in full or partial sun and moist, well-drained soil. They can grow up to 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide.

Evening Primrose has wide applications in medicine, where the oil extract is used in conditions such as atopic dermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, PMS (premenstrual syndrome), menopause symptoms, and breast pain.

5. California Poppy

  • Family: Papaveraceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, herbaceous
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6 to 10

Known botanically as Eschscholzia californica, California Poppy flowers are also commonly referred to as Golden Poppy, Cup of Gold, California Sunlight, and Golden Cup.

As these names suggest, these flowers look like cups and come in vivid yellow and orange colors. However, they also exist in red, pink, and white shades.

California Poppy flowers close at night, mainly to keep the pollen intact and dry. They open again with the sunrise.

Interestingly, California Poppy plants are quite sturdy and can grow in various conditions. But if you pick their flowers, the petals fall off almost immediately!

Indigenous to Central and North America, these flowers thrive in full sun and sandy well-drained soil.

6. Kalanchoe

  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Bloom Time: Depends on when a dark period is provided
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, succulent
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 to 12

Referred to as Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in the botanical field, Kalanchoe flowers are also known as Widow’s-thrill, Christmas Kalanchoe, and Flaming Katy.

This genus contains around 100 species of flowering plants. They’re highly ornamental, but not commonly cultivated as they require special conditions to bloom.

Kalanchoe plants need about 6 weeks where they’re exposed to total darkness for at least 14 hours every day. After approximately 4 months from the dark period, the plant will begin to bloom.

Kalanchoe flowers come in shades of orange, yellow, red, pink, and white. They open during the day when their petals are bent outwards and close at night when the petals are bent upwards.

Originating in Madagascar (Africa), these flowers do best in partial shade (after the dark period) and sandy, well-drained soil.

7. Venice Mallow

  • Family: Malvaceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Annual, weed
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 9 to 11

Scientifically known as Hibiscus trionum, Venice Mallow flowers are also called Flower-of-an-hour, Modesty, Bladder Hibiscus, Bladder Weed, Bladder Ketmia, Puarangi, and Shoofly.

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Native to Europe, this plant is both a weed and a garden plant. It produces 5-petals flowers that are white or pale yellow with a dark purple center and golden anthers.

Venice Mallow flowers open for just an hour or so on very sunny days. They stay closed on cloudy days.

8. Evening Stock

  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Bloom Time: Spring, summer, fall
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2 to 10

Botanically known as Matthiola longipetala, Evening Stock flowers are also called Night-Scented Stock, Grecian Stock, Night-Scented Violet, and Perfume Plant.

Indigenous to Eurosoa, this plant is quite hardy. It’s very popular as cut flowers and possesses a long blooming season

Evening Stock flowers open at night and give off a strong, sweet scent. They close when the sun comes up.

Blossoms of this plant have a delicate outline with petals colored in white, purple, and lilac shades. It can grow up to 2 feet tall, thriving in full sun and moist, well-drained soil. 

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9. Tulips

  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, bulb
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8

Tulip flowers are one of the most popular bulbs worldwide. They’re a perfect symbol of spring, with more than 3,000 varieties registered.

Originating in Europe and Asia, Tulip flowers come in almost every you can think of expert true blue. This includes red, yellow, pink, purple, white, black, orange, and green.

Tulips open their petals in the morning and close them at night to protect the pollen against insects and moisture.

Blossoms of this plant have a distinct bell shape and can grow up to 2 feet tall. They thrive in full sun and rich, well-drained soil with infrequent watering. 

10. Crocus

  • Family: Iridaceae
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, bulb
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8

Crocus is a genus of over 100 species of flowering plants. They’re low-growing, which is why the stems of their flowers stay hidden underground.

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Native to North Africa, Europe, and Asia, Corcis flowers bloom in a wide range of brilliant colors including pink, purple, lilac, blue, yellow, white, and orange.

Crocus flowers open their petals during the day when the temperature is on the rise. They close at night as temperatures drop.

Blooms of this plant have an eye-catching tube shape and grow no more than 6 inches tall. They’re low maintenance, thriving in any type of well-drained soil with full or partial sun and infrequent watering. 

11. Jamaican Fever Plant

  • Family: Zygophyllaceae
  • Bloom Time: Summer, spring, fall
  • Life Cycle: Perennial, herb
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 to 11

Botanically referred to as Tribulus cistoides, the Jamaican Fever Plant is also called Puncture Vine, Goat’s Head, and Wanglo.

Indigenous to East Africa, the Mascarene Islands, and Madagascar, this plant is highly tolerant to drought and salt conditions.

This flowering plant gets its common name  “Puncture Vine” comes from the nature of the fruits it produces. These fruits possess a remarkable sharpness in two spines that can pierce tires, so they’re quite painful to touch or step on.

The name “Fever Plant”, on the other hand, is a tribute to the plant’s medicinal applications in treating disorders such as fever, headache, and constipation.

Jamaican Fever Plant flowers open in the morning and follow the sun throughout the day. They close when the sun goes down.

Blossoms of this plant are showy with 5 lance-shaped flowers of bright yellow color. They don’t need much care and thrive in full sun.

Wrap Up

There you have it, 11 species of flowers that close up their petals.

Some of these flowers close at night because there’s no light, due to temperature drops, or for protection against moisture and insects.

Other flowers, however, open at night for the exact opposite reasons!