Dwarf ZZ Plant

Dwarf ZZ plants are extremely low-maintenance plants that many houseplant enthusiasts adore due to these low care requirements. These plants are stunning and add a lovely look to any room you keep them in. But how do you ensure that your ZZ plant is living in the right conditions for it to remain healthy?

To care for Dwarf ZZ plants, you need to make sure they have bright indirect sunlight and that their room temperature does not drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant needs well-draining but slightly water-retaining soil. Only fertilize the plant once or twice when it is actively growing.

Dwarf ZZ plants are the cousin plant of regular ZZ plants that are also native to Eastern Africa, where the plant has grown and developed in tropical conditions. So, how can you ensure this plant stays healthy and happy in your care? Let us find out!

How To Know If Your Plant Is A Dwarf ZZ Plant

The Dwarf (Zamioculcas zamiifolia’ zenzi’) plant, or the Dwarf ZZ plant, in short, is a tropical perennial plant that has become extremely popular over the past few years as a lovely ornamental houseplant. These plants are easy to find in local plant nurseries and garden stores, so you should be able to find one of these adorable plants to add to your collection with ease.

Characteristics Of The Dwarf ZZ Plant

Dwarf ZZ plants are known for their low-maintenance and easy-to-care qualities; they are houseplants that even beginners can easily keep alive and healthy for years. These plants have smooth, naturally shiny leaves that are slightly thinker than most other houseplant leaves.

The leaves of this plant range in color from a bright lime green when they are young to dark emerald green as they mature. Dwarf ZZ plants are perfect houseplants that are dependable and can survive in almost any living condition.

Growth Rate And Size

Dwarf ZZ plants have a very slow growth rate, so your plant may grow, but you may not notice the growth as it truly is that slow, and this plant is small in general, making the growth even more difficult to detect. As the Dwarf ZZ plants mature, they will only grow a few inches per year, so it may take a few years for you to notice any substantial growth from your plant.

Dwarf ZZ plants will usually only grow about 1 foot in height when they are fully mature, but it will take a few years for them to get this tall. This flower will bloom when it has reached maturity, although this is a rare occurrence, and the color of the flowers is yellowy-brown.

Potted Dwarf ZZ plant

How To Care For The Dwarf ZZ Plant

To ensure your Dwarf ZZ plant is growing well and thriving in your care, you need to ensure that you keep the plant in the perfect living conditions and provide the plant with everything it needs to grow big and stay healthy and happy.

So, let us go through what these living conditions are and what you need to do to keep your Dwarf ZZ plant happy.

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

Dwarf ZZ plants usually thrive and stay happy in temperatures that we are comfortable in, meaning if you are comfortable in the room your plant is kept in, then so is your Dwarf ZZ plant. However, if the temperature in the room begins to drop, this will affect the health and growth of your plant.

If the temperature goes below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, the growth of your ZZ plant will stop completely. The ideal temperature range for your Dwarf ZZ plant is between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. As the room temperature decreases, so will the humidity in the room, which will also affect your Dwarf ZZ plant as it is a tropical plant.

In cold weather, your Dwarf ZZ plant will require more care to survive. You can use a humidifier to ensure the air is not too dry for your plant and keep the plant away from heating systems, so the leaves do not burn.

Related: Does ZZ Plant Like To be Rootbound

Watering Guide

Dwarf ZZ plants are easy to water, but this can become challenging if you do not know a few simple rules. Dwarf ZZ plants can easily survive when they are underwatered as these plants are drought tolerant. However, if you overwater the plant or underwater it for a long time, there can be several problems with your plant’s health.

If you underwater your ZZ plant for a long time, this can dehydrate the plant and cause the plant’s leaves to turn brown or yellow; this situation will stress your Dwarf ZZ plant. Dwarf ZZ plants cannot tolerate being overwatered at all.

Overwatering your Dwarf ZZ plant will cause the leaves to turn yellow. The soil and roots of the plant will also suffocate with the excess water, which will affect the amount of nutrients the plant can absorb. To make sure your Dwarf ZZ plant is not overwatered, you need to let the soil dry out completely before you water the plant again; when you do water the plant again, water it thoroughly.

Light Guide

Ensuring you have the right lighting conditions for your Dwarf ZZ plant’s environment is essential to the growth and health of your Dwarf ZZ plant. You need to make sure your ZZ plant receives the right amount of sunlight every day to ensure your plant grows properly and stays healthy.

Dwarf ZZ plants can survive in various lighting conditions, but if you want to encourage the plant’s growth and not have your plant merely surviving, you need to provide your plant with its preferred lighting conditions.

The best sunlight condition for your Dwarf ZZ plant is full-day bright indirect sunlight; the plant can tolerate one or two hours of direct sunlight if needed. If your plant is not receiving the right amount of sunlight, this can cause the plant’s growth to be stunted.

Soil And Potting Requirements

The soil your Dwarf ZZ plant is in will determine its growth and health, as this is where the plant absorbs its nutrients. If the soil is depleted or does not have the correct nutrients in it in the right amounts, the plant’s growth will be stunted, and the plant will not stay healthy and happy.

You need to make sure that your ZZ plant is in soil that is well-draining, as it prefers dry soil conditions, so the soil needs to drain any excess water quickly while also retaining just enough water for the plant to survive.

If the soil is draining poorly or lacks good nutrients, your plant will not grow properly. The recommended soil to use for your Dwarf ZZ plants is ¾ organic potting soils, ¼ succulent potting soil, with a handful of fertilizer or compost for added nutrients.

As the Dwarf ZZ plant needs well-draining soil, the pot the plant is in needs to be well-draining as well. You need to make sure the pot has plenty of drainage holes so that excess water does not sit by the plant’s roots for too long, as this can cause root rot.

Fertilizer Requirements

Dwarf ZZ plants do not usually require fertilization for them to grow and thrive in your home. However, if you want to fertilize your Dwarf ZZ plant, you can fertilize it to help make sure the soil does not become depleted of nutrients as the plant grows.

To ensure the plant is in optimal health, you can fertilize it with an indoor plant liquid fertilizer that is diluted to half the fertilizer’s strength. You can give this fertilizer to your Dwarf ZZ plant twice in the plant’s active growing seasons; spring and summer.

Do not fertilize your plant more than this, or you may burn the plant’s roots, which will lead to more problems for your plant, such as nutrient deficiencies.

Quick Care Tips For The Dwarf ZZ Plant

Knowing how to take care of your Dwarf ZZ plant’s daily or even weekly needs is important to keep your plant happy, but you should also know how to take care of the Dwarf ZZ plant’s yearly care requirements that are needed less frequently but are still crucial to keeping the plant healthy and happy in your care.

These additional care requirements are simple and do not take a long time to complete. So, let us go through the less frequent care requirements of the Dwarf ZZ plant.

Pruning Guide

Close up pruning

You will not need to prune your Dwarf ZZ plant regularly as this plant has a very slow growth rate. You can prune your ZZ plant if you need to keep the growth under control or keep the plant in a certain shape that is more suited to your style.

However, with your Dwarf ZZ plant, you need to prune off any dead, yellowed, diseased, or dying leaves present on the plant, as these leaves can be detrimental to the plant’s health later if they are left on.

Users Also Read: Big ZZ Plant

Potting And Repotting

The size of the pot that Dwarf ZZ plants are in can affect their growth rate and health. If the pot is too small, this will constrict the growth of the plant’s roots, causing the plant to be root bound. If your plant’s pot is too big, this can easily lead to overwatering the plant, affecting the health of your Dwarf ZZ plant.

Dwarf ZZ plants should be repotted when their roots are growing out of the pot’s drainage holes, as this is when the roots need to be given more space to grow. When you repot your Dwarf ZZ plant, you should go one pot size bigger, so you avoid planting it in a pot that is too big.

Propagation Facts

There are two ways to propagate your Dwarf ZZ plant: Plant division or leaf cuttings. Remember, the best season to propagate your Dwarf ZZ plant is in the middle of spring, when the plant is actively growing and will easily grow new roots from any cuttings you take.  

Here are the two propagation methods:

  • Plant division: with this method, you will take the plant out of its pot, physically split up the plant clumps, and plant them separately in well-draining soil.
  • Leaf cuttings: with this method, you will need to cut off a leave from the plant at the base, then you can use water or soil to root the leaves and make a new little plant.

Pests And Diseases

Dwarf ZZ plants are hardy to pests, but there are occasions where they can be plagued by aphids or root rot. If your Dwarf ZZ plant is infested with pests or has a disease, this can greatly affect your plant’s growth and overall health.

Aphids are the pests the plant is more likely to be attacked by; they will dehydrate the plant and cause the plant’s growth to slow down as it tries to conserve nutrients and water.

You need to ensure you contain the pests to one plant by moving the infested plant away from other houseplants, and then you can begin treating the infestation. Take your plant outside and spray it with a strong garden hose to get rid of the pests. Prevent the pests from returning with a neem oil spray.

If your Dwarf ZZ plant has a disease like root rot, your plant’s health and growth will be affected as root rot prevents the plant from absorbing enough nutrients to sustain itself. To treat the root rot, you need to repot your Dwarf ZZ plant; while the plant is being transplanted, examine the plant’s roots.

If you see any diseased roots, carefully trim them off with a sharp pair of garden shears or scissors to prevent the disease from spreading to other roots and further affecting the plant. Then place the Dwarf ZZ plant in its new pot and make sure you stick to a watering schedule for your plant to prevent this from occurring again.


Dwarf ZZ plants do not require much time from you for them to thrive in your care; these plants are perfectly happy being left to their own devices, only being watered when their soil is dry. These plants are incredibly low maintenance, making them perfect for beginners, busy people, or people who like to travel. Dwarf ZZ plants will also look good in any home, no matter your style. Good luck with your ZZ plant!