Philodendron Rio: Complete Plant Guide

If you are a plant lover but don’t know where to start, the Philodendron Rio is the perfect plant for you. The Philodendron Rio is a lovely and low-maintenance plant that will bring you a long time of green joy.  The Philodendron Rio is a vine plant with beautiful flowers all through the year. 

The Philodendron Rio is a plant native to Brazil, where it thrives in slightly sunny and humid conditions. The Philodendron Rio will bloom all year long, and as a bonus, this plant is easy to take care of.  This is a beautiful plant for a long-time plant lover or new enthusiast alike. 

Although the Philodendron is easy to take care of, it has some basic needs that need to be adhered to.  Let’s have a closer look at the Philodendron Rio. 

How To Tell A Philodendron Is A Rio

Like all Philodendron plant species, the Philodendron Rio has a heart-shaped leaf and is predominantly dark green with a splash of whichever color is categorized for that specific type.  In the case of the Philodendron Rio, the leaves are dark green, and as you move closer to the center, it appears silver, cream, and silver again, in a leave-like shape. 

The stems of the Philodendron Rio are white or light green when it is healthy; a plant with root rot will have darker stems. 

This plant is a vine and grows better when hanging or on a window sill. 

Philodendron hederaceum hanging in white ceramic pot

Characteristics Of A Philodendron Rio

This plant thrives in sunlight, heat, and humidity; it is a straightforward plant to take care of. Its beautiful leave pattern is the most prominent characteristic of the Philodendron Rio.  This indoor plant is a rare find and would make an excellent addition to a patio, kitchen, or bathroom.   This exotic plant is part of the Philodendron family and is native to Brazil. 

Growth Rate And Size

The Philodendron Rio is a fast-growing plant, and indoors it can reach up to 30 inches in height.  This plant is best kept as a hanging plant in a house with small children or animals, as the leaves are sensitive and constant bumping or touching of this plant can hinder its growth. 

Also Check: Philodendron Ring Of Fire: Detailed Care Guide For This Rare Plant

How To Take Care Of A Philodendron Rio

As stated earlier, the Philodendron Rio is very easy to take care of, and it is one of those plants that do not need constant maintenance.  However, there are a few things to consider when taking care of this rare species. 

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

These plants thrive in warm and humid conditions, making them the perfect windowsill plant or patio plant.  It is best to keep the Philodendron Rio in conditions ranging from 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.  Open windows should be avoided when putting them in windowsills as this can cause a sudden temperature change.  A sudden temperature change should be avoided with these plants, so it is also best not to move them around too much. 

This plant will lose humidity when placed near ventilation vents or air conditioners; therefore, it is safer not to keep them close to these. 

Watering Guide

Watering is an easy task for the Philodendron Rio, as it only needs watering once every two weeks in the summer and a little less in the winter.  When overwatering, this plant can get root rot.  The best way to water the Philodendron Rio is to fill the pot to the brim and let the water drain out.  The topsoil must be completely dry before watering again.  This process takes between one and a half and two weeks. 

Close up of Philodendron Rio leaf 1

Light Guide

Although the Philodendron Rio thrives in the heat, direct sunlight should be avoided as it can cause leaf burn.  Medium-light like fluorescent light or indirect sunlight through a closed window will be perfect for these plants.  It is not recommended to plant the Philodendron outside because the slightest change to cold temperature can cause the leaves to develop frostbite. 

Soil And Potting Requirements

The best practice is to report the Philodendron Rio when it has doubled in size; after that, it should be repotted once a year. When repotting the Philodendron Rio, it is best to report in only a slightly bigger pot.  It is also wise to use soil that retains water rather than soil that drains water.  When repotting, you can fertilize the leaves with household fertilizer every few weeks, but remember that too much fertilizer can be dangerous and can kill the plant. 

Fertilizer Requirements

When repotting, you can fertilize the leaves with household fertilizer every few weeks but remember that too much fertilizer can be dangerous and can kill the plant.  Fertilization should happen less frequently in the winter because this is the plant resting time.  Other than repotting, the plant can be fertilized once a month. 

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Quick Care Tips For The Philodendron Rio

The Philodendron Rio is a rare plant species, and it is not easy to come by, so when you do get to lay your hands on this rare species, it is vital to take care of it in the best way.  

Pruning Guide

When pruning the Philodendron Rio, you must sterilize your pruning tools to prevent the spread of pests and disease.  When your plant becomes a little too big for the space it is in, or the vines become too long, it is time to prune. 

When pruning, focus on the longest and oldest stems. These are the ones with only a few or no leaves on them.  Using a sharp instrument for the cuts, cut the stems as close to the base as possible. 

The plant is fast-growing and will fill out quickly if the pruning process is done too harshly.   

Philodendron hederaceum variegated heart leaf closeup

Potting And Repotting

When potting or repotting, it is wise to wear gloves and long-sleeved shirts because the plant is poisonous and may cause skin irritation.

Choose a pot about 2 inches bigger than the current one because bigger pots might cause overwatering. 

To help the plant deal with the stress of repotting and make it easier to remove, it is recommended that the plant be watered the previous day. 

The roots are often in a ball, and to encourage healthy growth, the ball should be cut once at the top, once at the bottom, once at each side, and the leaves should be untangled.  Be sure to cut away any unhealthy roots, which is to say those not white.  Also, check for any infestation and treat those before repotting.

Place the plant in the new pot filled with potting soil, and reload the rest of the bank, covering all the roots.  Make sure to press down gently on the ground to remove any air pockets. 

 Fill the pot with water until the water starts to drain; if you notice that the soil level went down a bit after this, more soil can be added. 

Propagation Facts

Propagation of the Philodendron Rio is a simple task.  Cut a piece of the stem off, making sure that there is a node on the stem.  Nodes are the place between the leave and the branch where tiny roots are starting to form.  Make sure there are at least one or two healthy leaves on the stem.

Now put the newly cut stem in water or soil; make sure the node is covered with the medium.   

If propagating in water, you can start potting the plants when they are about an inch long. 

When propagating in soil, it is crucial to keep the soil moist at all times, and you can put a few cuttings in one pot. Every cutting will produce a new stem. 

Philodendron hederaceum in a clay pot on a wooden table

Pests And Diseases

The most common problems with Philodendron Rio are root rot and Bacterial leave spots. 

Root Rot

This problem is caused by overwatering, and it is preventable by never letting your plant sit in water.  When root rot occurs, you will notice a yellowing of the lower leaves, and it will eventually start spreading into the top leaves.  Repotting and fresh soil should take care of this problem. 

Bacterial Leave Spots

Black spots will appear on the leave after they have water-like drops on the leaves.  The only way to get this problem under control is to remove the invested leaves, making sure not to touch the rest of the plant.   This bacterium spreads quickly, and you mustn’t try to wash the infected leave to try and save them, as this can spread the bacteria to the healthy leaves. 


The Philodendron Rio is a fast-growing, easy to maintain, and rare plant.  This plant will complement any indoor room or office area.  It is best to keep it as a hanging plant in areas with a lot of movement as it does not like a change in environment. 

The Philodendron Rio enjoys heat and humidity, so it makes the perfect windowsill plant. 

Remember to keep the Philodendron Rio away from open windows or vents because it has a low tolerance for cold air.