Monstera Soil Mix

Playing in the ground and getting your hands dirty is fun when taking care of your plants.  Creating a relaxing environment in your home by using plants requires more than watering them from time to time.  Providing ample root space is essential, and the soil being the place where the Monstera roots itself, we must be sure to use the correct Monstera soil mix.

Monstera plants prefer a quality soil mix with good drainage properties.  A normal A grade potting mix with added peat moss, coco coir, perlite, and pine bark to slightly raise the acidic pH level to a range between 5.5 – 6.5 is an excellent mix for Monsteras.

Whether you are a beginner or a garden guru, the Monstera is a relatively easy plant to grow.  You also need to make sure you know what is essential to the growth and success of this plant.  As with all plants, the roots are the essence of the plant’s life, and you need to make sure a proper soil mix is used to ensure your plant gets all the nutrients it needs.

Why Soil Choice Matters With Monsteras

Soil mix for Monstera

When repotting and choosing the correct soil for your Monstera, there are five things to remember.

  • Which nutrients does the plant need from the soil?
  • Does the soil provide proper temperature control?
  • Is there proper gas exchange?
  • Will it provide the right amount of water and drainage ratio?
  • Will your plant be able to anchor itself in this soil?

It is important to remember that the soil you use for your Monstera will influence how it grows by affecting the plant’s nutrients, air, and water movement.  Unfortunately, the soil itself has no structure and is free draining. 

Nurseries add clay to potting mixtures to add structure to the mix.  This can often be good for Monstera plants as it decreases the ability of drainage and better holds water.  Because the Monstera is native to Central America and is a tropical plant, Monsteras need extra moisture to thrive.

The Importance Of A Well Draining Soil

When a group of components is mixed and creates poorly drained soil, it will cause insufficient oxygen to its roots, stunting or killing the plant.  The inorganic fractions of soils determine the soil’s physical texture and greatly affect density and water retention.

Soil with a high clay content has good structural strength but low drainage ability, which can be catastrophic to your Monstera.  When drainage in the soil is too poor, the plant can be overwatered and drown.  The roots will also start to rot, which will add a foul smell to your environment.

Read more: Monstera Support Ideas

Signs You’re Using The Wrong Soil Mix For Monstera Plants

As with any plant and using the correct soil, drainage is essential to keep in mind.  One of only two things that can happen.  You will give your plant too little water, or you will be overwatering your plant.  Luckily your plant will let you know when this is the case.  Here are three signs to look out for when watering your Monstera.

Why Are My Monstera Leaves Turning Yellow?

A healthy Monstera plant is a lush green color with waxy leaves.  Although some discoloration is normal in young or baby leaves and old dying leaves, it should not be noticeable on the entire plant, stems, and roots.

Yellowing Monstera leaves are a definite sign that something is wrong.  However, it can be a tricky diagnosis to make, but if you know what to look for, you should solve the problem quite easily.

Yellowing of your Monstera leaves can mean both too little and too much water for the plant to handle.

If your plant turns a yellow color, this shows poor drainage in your soil.  It means that you are either overwatering your plant or that the soil is retaining too much water.  Your roots might be sitting in water, and this causes the plant to drown or suffocate as no oxygen can reach the roots.

Yellow discoloration on the plant and not just on old leaves can also mean too little water.  It might be because you do not water your plant as often as you should, or your soil doesn’t hold enough water for your plant to take in what it needs before the water drains out.

Also Check: Propagate Monstera

Why Are My Monstera Leaves Getting Brown Spots?

Any spots appearing on your plant leaves are a matter of concern.  Give the soil of your Monstera your immediate attention. Brown spots are a clear indication of root rot.

Brown spots may appear on the leaves of your plant.  It is a sign of overwatering or poorly draining soil.  The brown spots are a sign of root rot caused by roots sitting in water for long periods, and the plant cannot take up the water or nutrients.

When root rot first starts, the spots will be visible on the lower leaves of the Monstera as they are the first to absorb water from the roots.  Prevent root rot by ensuring your Monstera gets sufficient indirect sunlight.  Making sure your plant gets bright light will use water efficiently, and soil will dry out as it should. 

Why Are My Monstera Leaves Curling?

When new leaves grow on your Monstera, they present themselves as a curled-up tube.  It is completely normal.  When your adult leaves start to curl up, there is something wrong.  Although this can indicate a pest infestation, root bound, heat stress, or low humidity, it can also indicate underwatering or water draining too fast from your soil.

Be sure to investigate.  Possible reasons can be under watering or high drainage soil.  Try thoroughly watering your plant and checking how quickly the water drains through the soil.  If you check the next day and find the soil is dry, you probably need to change the soil and make sure it retains water a bit longer so your plant can take the nutrients it needs from the water.

If you notice any of these, you need to start pruning the affected leaves.  Pruning will stop it from spreading to the rest of the Monstera.  Monsteras respond well to pruning.  Consider repotting your plant in a pot with good drainage and soil that caters to your Monstera’s needs.

Potting Monstera

What Is The Correct PH Level For Monstera Soil?

The pH level is the alkalinity or acidity in the soil, and these levels have a far-reaching effect on the plant.   The Monstera plant thrives in slightly acidic soil because a lower pH affords good nutrient access.

The pH level of 7 is considered a neutral Ph.  As the numbers decrease from 7, the acidic level becomes higher.  Levels above 7 increase the alkalinity levels.  A Monstera plant enjoys a pH level that ranges from 5.5 to 6.5. 

The Ultimate Monstera Plant Potting Mix Recipe

Creating the ultimate Monstera potting mix at home is easy if you access a few ingredients.  Your plant will love the mix no matter what species of Monstera you have.  The ingredients you will need is:

  • Perlite: it feels and looks like styrofoam but is an expanded rock.  It does not absorb water at all.  That makes it ideal for providing drainage and aeration to the soil mix.
  • Coco coir: made from the husks of coconuts, Coco coir enriches sandy soils and lightens heavy clay.  It is great for creating spaces between particles, making it easier for roots to spread and draw nutrients.
  • Sphagnum peat moss:  It has a coarse texture yet fine particles.  It has good water-holding properties along with good aeration. 
  • Pine bark fines:  these are small pieces of the tree.  It has a high percentage of lignin, indicating it can hold its form for long periods.  The bark is great for resisting compaction and creating air pockets within the soil.

The Perfect Monstera Soil Mix Recipe

Monstera Soil Mix

Understanding what each component provides is essential in creating the perfect soil for your Monstera.  If this recipe is followed, it will make great drainage and aeration and allow enough water so your plant can thrive.

  • One part perlite
  • One part coco coir or sphagnum peat moss
  • Four parts pine bark fines.

Completely mix all the ingredients and wet the soil.  Carefully add your Monstera to the prepared soil.  Ensure your pot is not too small and provides ample space for the root system.  Your pot must also have drain holes at the bottom to assist drainage.

Conclusion

Taking care of your Monstera requires a great deal of understanding and preparation.  Creating the perfect soil for your Monstera is essential for the plants’ health and growth.  Ensure the soil has the correct pH level and soil drainage capability to allow nutrients to reach the roots and the plant to take what it needs from the moisture.

Paying attention to your Monstera and noticing changes in its appearance and smell can be an early detection that a soil change might be necessary.  Following the soil mix recipe added can assist in ensuring you have a healthy and thriving Monstera.

References

http://www.mydomaine.com/how-to-care-for-and-propagate-your-monstera-plant-4767252

http://www.bobvila.com/articles/best-soil-for-monstera/

http://smartgardenguide.com?monstera-leaves-curling/