Horsehead Philodendron

Horsehead Philodendron is a noteworthy tropical houseplant with gorgeous, glossy green, horsehead, or fiddle-shaped leaves (hence its other common name-Fiddleleaf Philodendron). It is naturally inclined to climb up tree trunks in its natural habitat, but it is often adored as houseplants thanks to its oddly shaped foliage. Here is what you need to know.

Horsehead Philodendron is an evergreen perennial vine naturally grown as a hemi-epiphyte. It requires filtered sunlight and slightly acidic, moist, and well-draining soil. In addition, Horsehead Philo needs regular watering, humid levels of 50%, and diluted fertilizer 3x a year in growing seasons.

Horsehead Philodendron is an ideal houseplant guaranteed to turn heads! In addition, Horsehead Philodendron is easy to care for and low-maintenance. So, let’s look at what this showstopper needs to thrive.

Horsehead Philodendron Characteristics

The large, leafy Horsehead Philodendron is a medium-sized, evergreen perennial vine scientifically known as Philodendron Bipennifolium. The Horsehead Philodendron is a handsome Aroid (of the Araceae plant family)that naturally grows as a hemi-epiphyte, wrapping itself around trees in the tropical rainforests of Brazil and Argentina.

The Horsehead Philodendron produces charismatic, grassy-green, and gloriously cut foliage, each leaflet reaching between 10 to 18 inches depending on the variety. You can find this gorgeous plant in hanging baskets or pots (with moss poles) inside many homes to zest up the space with an exotic touch of a lush forest.

In addition, the Horsehead Philodendron can reach a height of 3 to 7 feet tall. After reaching maturity after 12 to 15 years, the Horsehead Philodendron bears creamy white spathes and petite green fruits if the climate is ideal. Note that the Horsehead Philodendron rarely produces spathes and fruit indoors or in hot, dry climates.

How To Care For A Horsehead Philodendron?

Caring for the Horsehead Philodendron is a simple task and requires minimum effort from homeowners. However, the Horsehead Philodendron does have several preferences to ensure that it thrives optimally.

Horsehead Philodendron

Let’s see what these unique and rewarding plants need to stay vigorous and healthy.

Light Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

Dense, tall trees filter the sun rays in tropical rainforests, providing dappled sunlight and adequate shade for the Horsehead Philodendron. So, similar to its natural habitat, the Horsehead Philodendron prefers filtered, indirect sunlight to keep its foliage lush.

Avoid placing the Horsehead Philodendron in direct sunlight; this will discolor and harm the plant’s leaves and overall well-being. Instead, consider putting your Horsehead Philodendron close to an East or North- facing window to prevent the afternoon sun scorching its vibrant foliage.

Temperature Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

The ideal temperature for Horsehead Philodendron ranges between 75-85°F, with nighttime temperatures of 65-70°F.

In addition, the recommended hardy zones for a Horsehead Philodendron are USDA 10b to 11.

Note: The Horsehead Philodendron is not tolerant to freezing winter temperatures!

Also Check: Philodendron Spiritus Sancti

Watering Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

The Horsehead Philodendron prefers consistently moist soil, and therefore, requires regular watering. However, the Horsehead Philodendron does not tolerate soggy soil as it often leads to root rot.

So, water the plant approximately twice a week or once the first two inches of soil dry out in growing seasons. Whereas, in winter, the Horsehead Philodendron is dormant and needs watering less frequently.

Soil Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

The Horsehead Philodendron thrives in moist, well-draining, and slightly acidic soil conditions. The best soil type for Horsehead Philodendron is loamy soil – a mixture of sand, silt, and clay – with a pH range of 5.0 to 6.0.

This perfect balance of the three soil types will ensure an aerated, moist, and well-draining environment for the Horsehead Philodendron.

Humidity Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

Native to tropical rainforests of Brazil and Argentina, Horsehead Philodendron thrives in high humidity areas of 50% or more moisture levels.

A great way to regulate and ensure high moisture levels is to place your Horsehead Philodendron in your bathroom or kitchen. However, if you prefer to display your plant elsewhere, consider increasing the area’s moisture level to ensure that the plant stays healthy and exuberant.

Try the following valued tips to mimic the natural habitat of the Horsehead Philodendron:

  1. Misting your Horsehead Philodendron: Frequently mist your Horsehead Philodendron to maintain appropriate moisture levels.
  2. Place a room humidifier in the same area as the Horsehead Philodendron: A room humidifier will regulate and maintain the desired humidity level for your Horsehead Philodendron plant.
  3. Consider grouping: Grouping plants together is a tried-and-true method that naturally increases moisture and humidity levels through mutual transpiration.
  4. The pebble tray method: If you are growing a Horsehead Philodendron in a pot, you can alternatively place your Horsehead Philodendron on a watered pebble tray to increase the moisture levels.

Fertilizer Requirements For Horsehead Philodendron

The extravagant, tropical Horsehead Philodendron plant is generally not a heavy feeder. It only requires a diluted, slow-releasing fertilizer three times a year during its growing season. Beware that fertilizing your Horsehead Philodendron during its dormant phase (winter) only harms the plant.

Tip: Water the Horsehead Philodendron before fertilizing it to prevent unnecessary fertilizer burns and damage to your plant’s roots.

Common Diseases And Pests For Horsehead Philodendron

Signs of diseases and a sick plant are brown and black spots on the leaves and a yellowish rim around these dark spots.

Common diseases and pests to keep an eye for include:

  • Root rot: Overwatering causes soggy soil condition that potentially leads to root rot. If your plant suffers from root rot, repot your plant as soon as possible and trim off the pieces of affected roots to prevent further damage.
  • Aphids, mealybugs, and thrips: Wipe the Horsehead Philodendron off immediately using neem oil and repot your plant if possible.
  • Scales: Use an insecticide soap or natural neem oil to wipe the leaves clean.
  • Spider mites: Increase your humidity levels.
  • Philodendron with lukewarm soapy water every few weeks to keep your plant dust-free and to prevent these pests from raiding the plant.

Does Horsehead Philodendron Need Pruning?

Horsehead Philodendron plants do not require excessive pruning; however, your Horsehead Philodendron can need light pruning resulting from a bit of wear and tear. So, lightly prune your Horsehead Philodendron by removing damaged and dead leaves during the growing season; this will allow your Philo plant to focus its attention on producing new, healthy leaves.

First, remove all of its dead or yellow leaves and crisp stalks by simply cutting them off with a sterilized knife or a pair of trimming scissors close to the stem.

Horsehead Philodendron

Can You Propagate Horesehad Philodendron?

Propagating Horsehead Philodendron can be done in two simple and effective ways: stem cutting propagation and air layering propagation. Let’s shortly discuss both.

Stem Cutting Propagation For Horsehead Philodendron

Use a sterilized knife or a pair of pruning sheers to take a stem cutting from the Horsehead Philodendron. Ensure that the cuttings are two to four inches long with at least two leaves attached (cut right below the leaf node).

Then, keep the cuttings in a warm room for 1 to 2 weeks to allow the cuttings to cure. Once the stem is callous, place the calloused end into consistently moist, loamy, well-draining soil.

Keep your cutting in indirect sunlight and provide water as soon as the soil dries out. In a few weeks, new roots will develop.

Related: Philodendron Serpens

Air Layering Propagation For Horsehead Philodendron

For air layering, you’ll need a sterilized knife to cut a wound (two inches deep and long) on the Horsehead Philodendron’s stem close to the node. Then take moist sphagnum peat moss and spread it over the wound, and stalk. Next, take a piece of string to tie around the peat moss and the plant’s stem to keep the moss in place.

Next, cover the wound with a plastic cover and leave it for several days. Once you notice the newly developed roots growing out of the lesion, take a sterilized knife and cut it 2 inches above and 2 inches below off from the stem.

Lastly, plant the cut piece into potting soil and treat it with similar water, soil type, and light requirements as the mother plant. You’ll have a new baby plant growing in several days.

Does Horsehead Philodendron Need Repotting?

A Horsehead Philodendron is a relatively fast-growing plant that needs occasional repotting, generally every 2 to 3 years.

Be sure to slightly increase your Horsehead Philodendron’s pot size by 1 to 2 inches. A too-large container may cause your Horsehead Philodendron to stress, making it more susceptible to common pests.

In addition, repotting the plant can stress your Horsehead Philodendron. So, it’s advisable to wait until the spring to ensure optimal new growth and low stress.


To conclude, Horsehead Philodendron is a classy and vigorous plant perfect for adding a tinge of zest to your bathroom or kitchen, or living room! To boot, Horsehead Philodendron is easy to care for and low-maintenance.

If you are a novice plant owner, consider adding Horsehead Philodendron as your first of many additions. All you need to provide for Horsehead Philodendron is indirect and filtered sunlight with slightly acidic, moisture-retaining, and well-draining soil.

In addition, be sure to provide regular watering to ensure consistently moist soil, an environment of at least 50% humidity, diluted fertilizer 3x a year in growing seasons, and always keep an eye out for pests.