Big ZZ Plant

ZZ plants are incredibly low-maintenance plants that many houseplant enthusiasts love for their low care requirements. These plants are stunning and add a lovely look to any room you keep them in. But how do you ensure that your ZZ plant is living in the right conditions for it to remain healthy?

To care for ZZ plants, you need to ensure they are in bright but indirect sunlight and that their temperature never drops below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant needs well-draining but slightly water-retaining soil. Only fertilize the plant once or twice when it is actively growing.

ZZ plants are native to Eastern Africa, where the plant has grown and developed in tropical conditions. So, how can you ensure this plant stays healthy and happy in your care? Let us find out!

How To Know If Your Plant Is A Big ZZ Plant

The Zamioculcas zamiifolia plant, or the ZZ plant for short, is a tropical perennial plant that has become increasingly popular over the years as a lovely ornamental houseplant. These plants are easy to find in local plant nurseries and garden stores, so you should be able to find one of these stunning plants to add to your collection with ease.

zz plant leaves

Characteristics Of The Big ZZ Plant

ZZ plants are low-maintenance and easy-to-care-for houseplants that even beginners can easily keep alive and healthy for years. These plants have naturally smooth and shiny leaves that are slightly thinker than most other plant leaves.

The leaves of this plant range in color from a bright lime green when they are young to dark emerald green as they mature. ZZ plants are excellent houseplants that are dependable and can survive almost anything.

Growth Rate And Size

ZZ plants have a very slow growth rate in general, so your plant may grow, but you may not notice the growth as it truly is that slow. Usually, ZZ plants will only grow a few inches per year, so it may take a few years for you to notice any substantial growth from your plant.

ZZ plants will usually grow to between 3 and four feet in height when they are fully mature, but it will take a few years for them to get this tall. This flower will bloom when it has reached maturity, and the color of the flowers is yellowy-brown.

Read more: Underwatered ZZ Plant

How To Care For The Big ZZ Plant

To make sure your ZZ plant is growing well and thriving in your home, you need to ensure that you keep the plant in the right living conditions and provide everything the plant needs to grow big and stay healthy and happy. So, let us go through these living conditions and what you need to do to keep your ZZ plant happy.

Temperature And Humidity Requirements

ZZ plants tend to thrive and stay happy in temperatures that humans are comfortable in, so if you are comfortable in the room your plant is in, then so is your ZZ plant. If the temperature in the room begins to decrease, this will affect the health and growth of your plant.

If the temperature drops below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, the growth of your ZZ plant will stop completely. As the room temperature decreases, so will the humidity in the room, which will further affect your ZZ plant as it is a tropical plant that is used to humid conditions.

In the winter months or cold weather, your ZZ plant will require more care to survive. You can use a humidifier to ensure the air is not too dry for your plant and keep the plant away from heating systems, so the leaves do not burn.

Watering Guide

ZZ plants are easy to water, but this care requirement can become challenging if you do not follow simple rules. ZZ plants are perfectly fine surviving when they are slightly underwatered as they are drought-tolerant, but if you overwater them or underwater them for too long, there can be several problems.

If you underwater your ZZ plant regularly, this can dehydrate your plant and cause the plant’s leaves to turn yellow or brown, which will stress the plant. ZZ plants cannot tolerate being overwatered at all.

Overwatering the plant will lead to the leaves turning yellow and the soil and roots being suffocated with water, which will affect the amount of nutrients that can flow through the plant. To ensure your ZZ plant is not overwatered, you need to let the soil dry out completely before you water it again, and then when you do water the plant again, water it thoroughly.

Light Guide

Having the right lighting conditions in the ZZ plant’s environment is crucial to the health and growth of your ZZ plant. You need to ensure that your ZZ plant receives the correct amount of sunlight every day if you want your plant to grow properly and stay healthy.

ZZ plants can survive in a range of lighting conditions, but if you want to encourage the plant’s growth and not have it simply surviving, you should provide your plant with its preferred lighting conditions.

The best sunlight conditions for your ZZ plant are full-day bright but indirect sunlight and the plant can tolerate a few hours of direct sunlight if needed. If your plant does not receive the correct amount of sunlight, this can cause the plant’s growth to be stunted.

Soil And Potting Requirements

The soil your ZZ plant is planted in is essential for its growth and health, as this is where the plant absorbs its nutrients. If the soil is depleted, lifeless, or does not have the correct nutrients in it in the right amount that the plant needs, its growth will be stunted, and the plant will not stay healthy and happy.

You also need to ensure that your ZZ plant is in soil that is well-draining, as the plant prefers drier soil conditions, so the soil needs to drain any excess water quickly while also retaining just enough water for the plant to survive.

If the soil is draining poorly or lacks good nutrients, your plant may not grow correctly. The recommended soil to use for your ZZ plants is ¾ organic potting soils, ¼ succulent potting soil, with a handful of fertilizer or compost for added nutrients.

As the ZZ plant needs well-draining soil, their pot needs to be well-draining, too. You need to ensure that the pot has plenty of drainage holes so that excess water does not sit by the plant’s roots, as this can cause root rot.

Fertilizer Requirements

Fertilizer on a shovel

ZZ plants do not generally require fertilization for them to grow and thrive in your care. However, you can fertilize the plant to help ensure the soil does not become depleted of nutrients as the plant grows.

To ensure the plant and its soil are in optimal health, you can fertilize it with an indoor plant liquid fertilizer diluted to half its strength. You can give this fertilizer to your ZZ plant once or twice during its active growing seasons, which are spring and summer.

Do not fertilize your plant more than this, or you may burn the plant’s roots, which will lead to more problems for your plant.

Quick Care Tips For The Big ZZ Plant

Knowing how to take care of your ZZ plant’s daily or even weekly needs is important, but you should also know how to take care of the ZZ plant’s yearly care requirements that are needed less frequently but are still crucial to keeping the plant healthy and happy in your care.

These additional care requirements are simple and usually do not take a long time to complete. So, let us go through the less frequent care requirements of the ZZ plant.

Pruning Guide

You do not need to prune your ZZ plant regularly as the plant has a slow growth rate. You can prune your ZZ plant to keep the growth under control or to keep the plant in a certain shape you require.

With your ZZ plant, you will need to prune off any dead, yellowed, diseased, or dying leaves as these can be detrimental to the plant’s healthy later if they are left on.

Also Check: Pruning zz Plant

Potting And Repotting

The size of the pot that ZZ plants are in can affect their health and their growth rate. If their pot is too small, this will constrict the growth of the plant’s roots, making the plant root bound; if the pot is too small, this can also lead to the soil being depleted of nutrients faster.

If your plant’s pot is too big, this can easily lead to overwatering the plant, which can also affect the health of your ZZ plant. ZZ plants should only be repotted when their roots are growing out of the pot’s drainage holes, as this is when the roots need to be given more space to grow.

When you repot your ZZ plant, you should only go one pot size bigger, so you avoid planting it in a pot that is too big.

Propagation Facts

There are two methods in which you can propagate your ZZ plant: Plant division or leaf cuttings. Remember, the best season to propagate your ZZ plant is in the middle of spring when the plant is actively growing and will grow new roots from cuttings.

Here are the two propagation methods:

  • Plant division: with this method, you will take the plant out of its pot, physically split up the plant clumps, and plant them separately in well-draining soil.
  • Leaf cuttings: with this method, you will need to cut off a leave from the plant at the base, then you can use water or soil to root the leave and make a new little plant.

Pests And Diseases

ZZ Plant Root Rot

ZZ plants are hardy to pests; however, there are occasions where aphids and root rot can plague them. If your plant is unhealthy as it is infested with pests or has a disease, this can negatively affect your plant’s growth or stop the growth completely.

Aphids are the pests the plant is more likely to be attacked by, and these pests will suck the sap out of your plant, which will dehydrate it and cause the plant’s growth to slow down as it tries to conserve nutrients and water.

You need to make sure you contain the pests by moving the plant away from other houseplants, and then you can begin treating the infestation. Take your plant outside and spray it with a strong garden hose to get rid of the pests. Prevent the pests from returning with a neem oil spray.

If your ZZ plant has a disease like root rot, then your plant’s growth and health will be affected as root rot prevents the plant from absorbing enough nutrients to sustain the plant. To treat root rot, you need to repot your ZZ plant, and while the plant is being transplanted, examine the plant’s roots.

If you see any diseased roots, carefully trim them off with a sharp pair of garden shears or scissors to prevent the disease from spreading. Then place the ZZ plant in its new pot and ensure you stick to a watering schedule for the plant to prevent this from occurring again.


ZZ plants do not want a lot of time from you; these plants are perfectly happy being left alone, only being watered once every week or two. These plants are extremely low maintenance, making them perfect for beginners, busy people, or people who like to travel. ZZ plants will also look good in any home, no matter your style. Good luck with your ZZ plant!